“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tuscumbia in Colbert County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

Jackson's Military Road

Jackson's Military Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 22, 2009
1. Jackson's Military Road Marker
Inscription.  After the Battle of New Orleans in 1815, General Andrew Jackson proposed this road as a shorter and improved route for military movements between Nashville and New Orleans. The U.S. War Department authorized Jackson to appoint an engineer and procure equipment on August 15, 1816 and Congress appropriated $5,000 to begin construction. The Military Road was built by about 300 American soldiers over a three-year period at a construction cost of $300,000. When completed on May 17, 1820, the new road was 483 miles long and 200 miles shorter than the old Natchez Trace route. Crossing the Tennessee River at Florence, it entered Sheffield (first known as York Bluff) at “Jackson Hollow.” The road then passed near Atlanta and Columbia Avenues as it moved southwest. The Military Road entered Tuscumbia on Dickson Street and passed near this site.

From this location, the Military Road continues south and crossed Spring Creek, then ascended Colbert Mountain, and passed just west of present-day Littleville. It proceeded to Good Spring in Franklin County, and on through Russellville. Jackson Highway (old U. S. No. 43), built in the 1920s,
Jackson's Military Road Marker Reverse Side image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 22, 2009
2. Jackson's Military Road Marker Reverse Side
Side 2
Click or scan to see
this page online
following the same basic route. The nearby single-pen hewn-log cabin is a vestige of Tuscumbia's pioneer period. It originally stood on the opposite side of the street and reputedly served as a stagecoach stop on the Military Road. Dickson Street was named for early Tuscumbia settler Michael Dickson. A U. S. Mail line was established and John Donley Sr. of Tuscumbia was given the contract for carrying the mail. Stagecoaches could travel the Military Road in 17 days and stands were built along the way to accommodate travelers. The road became the route over which pioneers poured into northwest Alabama and Mississippi.
Erected by Sponsored by Colbert County Historical Landmark Foundation and Cemetery Restoration Alabama Historical Association.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Roads & Vehicles. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #07 Andrew Jackson series list. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1786.
Location. 34° 43.807′ N, 87° 42.139′ W. Marker is in Tuscumbia, Alabama, in Colbert County. Marker is at the intersection of South Dickson Street and East 7th Street, on the right when traveling south on South Dickson Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tuscumbia AL 35674, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sacred Tears (within shouting distance of this marker); Cold Water Falls
Stagecoach Stop Museum image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 22, 2009
3. Stagecoach Stop Museum
(within shouting distance of this marker); Petrified Conifer Tree / Petrified Lycopod Tree Stump (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tuscumbia Big Spring (about 400 feet away); History of Tuscumbia, Alabama (about 600 feet away); American Indian History (approx. 0.2 miles away); U. S. Army M60A3 Main Battle Tank (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tuscumbia Railway First Railroad west of Alleghenies (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tuscumbia.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 31, 2019. It was originally submitted on March 13, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 2,957 times since then and 48 times this year. Last updated on May 18, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 13, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 24, 2021