“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Limestone in Greene County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Unionist Stronghold

The Civil War in Greene County

Unionist Stronghold Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, June 27, 2015
1. Unionist Stronghold Marker
Inscription.  Before the war began, Greene County had a long history of abolitionist sentiment. It was not surprising, then, that local residents overwhelmingly supported the Union when Tennessee seceded in June 1861. When 30 neighboring counties met in Greeneville to create a separate state, the convention resolved, "That we do earnestly desire the restoration of peace to our whole country, and most especially that our own section of the State of Tennessee shall not be involved in civil war." The state denied their request, however, and the counties remained part of Tennessee.

Hoping to suppress pro-Union support, Confederate Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer soon arrived with 4,000 troops. Unionists burned rail-road bridges but failed to halt the occupation. The nearby Battle of Limestone on September 8, 1863, was for control of the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad. When Confederate Gen. Alfred E. Jackson's men pushed the 100th Ohio Volunteer Infantry back to the Nolichucky river, local resident Nicholas Earnest hurriedly ferried 35 Federals across the river to avert their capture.

Greeneville changed hands several times during the war. The
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Dickson-Williams Mansion served as headquarters for both sides. On September 8, 1864, Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillem's Federal forces evaded Confederate pickets, surrounded the house, and killed famed Confederate cavalry commander John Hunt Morgan.

Greeneville was also home to Andrew Johnson, who moved here from North Carolina in 1826. He assumed the presidency after Abraham Lincoln's assassination in 1865, as the Reconstruction Era began. He proved severely ill-equipped to resoncile a nation torn apart by war.

Davey Crockett Birthplace State Park, located on the banks of the River, commemorates the renowned pioneer, politician, and American hero. Nearby including the Fort House, a distinctive and log dwelling built in 17, represent some of Tennessee's earliest settlements.

Gen. Felix J. Zollicoffer
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 36° 12.477′ N, 82° 39.318′ W. Marker is near Limestone, Tennessee, in Greene County. Marker can be reached from Davy Crockett Park Road. This marker is
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located in the David Crockett Birthplace State Historic Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1245 Davy Crockett Park Rd, Limestone TN 37681, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Crockett (approx. ¼ mile away); The Real Likeness of David Crockett (approx. ¼ mile away); Crockett’s Tennessee Westward Movement (approx. ¼ mile away); Welcome to Davy Crockett Birthplace State Park (approx. ¼ mile away); A Summary of the Life of Davy Crockett (approx. ¼ mile away); Davy Crockett’s Birthplace (approx. ¼ mile away); Battle of Limestone Station (approx. 1.6 miles away); David Crockett (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Limestone.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 27, 2015, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 392 times since then and 13 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on June 27, 2015, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Apr. 8, 2020