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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Upper Merion Township near King of Prussia in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Winter Encampment

December 19, 1777 – June 19, 1778

 
 
Winter Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
1. Winter Encampment Marker
Inscription.  The countryside was stripped of trees. All available wood went to build and heat the city of huts that crowded this ridge.

When the Continental Army wintered here, every acre was heavily used – for entrenchments, stock pens, an artillery park, and parade grounds. Fields turned to mud. Within decades after the war, the scene had returned to woodlots and farmland. The tour route circles the encampment, now marked by earthworks and monuments.
 
Erected by Valley Forge National Historical Park, National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: MilitaryNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary.
 
Location. 40° 5.827′ N, 75° 25.516′ W. Marker is near King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, in Montgomery County. It is in Upper Merion Township. Marker is on North Outer Line Drive, on the left when traveling east. Marker is in Valley Forge National Historical Park on the auto tour road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wayne PA 19087, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers
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are within walking distance of this marker. An Essential Position on the Front Line (a few steps from this marker); Greene’s Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Road to Valley Forge (within shouting distance of this marker); Log City (within shouting distance of this marker); A City of Huts (within shouting distance of this marker); Soldiers’ Huts (within shouting distance of this marker); Transformation of the American Army (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Greene’s Division (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in King of Prussia.
 
More about this marker. The marker features a map of the Valley Forge encampment. Another map of the Outer Line Defenses appears on the upper right of the marker, with the caption “A natural triangle of defense: the Schuylkill River, Mount Joy, and the ridge with the Outer Line earthworks. This map was sketched by Brig. Gen. Louis Lebeque Duportail, Chief Engineer of the Continental Army. Duportail was one of several French officers who volunteered to help the patriot cause.”

The bottom right of the marker features a picture of soldiers digging entrenchments. It has a caption of “Extending into the distance, an almost continuous line of earthworks formed the Outer Line Defenses.
Marker in Valley Forge image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
2. Marker in Valley Forge
If the British attacked from the south, they would have had to climb this open slope, while Americans fired from high ground. Assaults never materialized.”
 
Also see . . .  Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service. (Submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.) 
 
Winter Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
3. Winter Encampment Marker
A Log City of Valley Forge can be seen in this photo, across the road from the marker.
Cannon and earthworks image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
4. Cannon and earthworks
Artillery and earthworks, such as these, were the basis of the Outer Line Defenses at Valley Forge. This photo was taken from the vicinity of the marker.
Valley Forge Log City image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
5. Valley Forge Log City
The Continental Army stayed in log huts such as these during their encampment in 1777-78. This photo was taken from the marker.
Valley Forge Earthworks image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
6. Valley Forge Earthworks
These earthworks are located further along on the Outer Line Defenses. Many earthworks like these are present in Valley Forge National Historical Park.
Artillery Park image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
7. Artillery Park
Gen. Henry Knox's Artillery Park is located at the center of the encampment. The Parade Grounds can be seen in the background of the photo.
Map of Outer Line Defenses image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
8. Map of Outer Line Defenses
The map of the Outer Line Defenses that appears on the marker was drawn by Brig. Gen. Louis Lebeque Duportail, Chief Engineer of the Continental Army.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 7, 2023. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,171 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on March 20, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.

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Feb. 26, 2024