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Jackson Township in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

An Industry in Ruins

Greenwood Furnace State Park

 
 
An Industry in Ruins Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, November 9, 2015
1. An Industry in Ruins Marker
Inscription.  
By the 20th century, iron furnaces like these belonged to the past. The growing cost of transporting raw materials and finished products to and from rural furnaces reduced profits. The forest, the source of wood for charcoal fuel, had been depleted. Iron production, increasingly linked to the demand for steel, shifted to larger, more economical furnaces located in cities.

After furnace #2 closed in 1904, workers dismantled abandoned structures, relocated some, and salvaged the wood from others. Vegetation gradually engulfed the two stone stacks that you see today.

Not until 1936, when the Civilian Conservation Corps stabilized stack #2 (the ruin on the right), did the most striking reminder of the local iron-making legacy re-emerge. Forty years later, archeologists investigated the ruins of stack#1 (the ruin on the left).

In the course of a few years the charcoal furnace (Greenwood Furnace) in the township will likely cease operations on account of the scarcity of accessible timber.
Letter published in the Semi Weekly News, Huntingdon, PA, February 13, 1902.

[Captions:]
Greenwood
An Industry in Ruins-Furnace #2 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, November 9, 2015
2. An Industry in Ruins-Furnace #2
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Furnace in about 1890, twelve years before it ceased operations.

In the 1920s, stacks 1 and 2 stood like oversize tombstones, slowly crumbling memorials to the age of rural iron furnaces.

The Civilian Conservation Corps stabilized stack #2 in the 1930s, just one of the projects that changed the face of rural America during the Great Depression.
 
Erected by Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Charity & Public WorkIndustry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) series list. A significant historical date for this entry is February 13, 1902.
 
Location. 40° 39.108′ N, 77° 45.205′ W. Marker is in Jackson Township, Pennsylvania, in Huntingdon County. Marker is on Broad Mountain Road. This marker in in Greenwood Furnace State Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Huntingdon PA 16652, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. From Mineral To Metal (here, next to this marker); An Undeniable Presence (here, next to this marker); The “Best” Iron (here, next to this marker); Basic Ingredients (a few steps from this marker); The Worker’s Pyramid (a few steps from this marker); Greenwood Furnace (a few steps

An Industry in Ruins-Furnace #1 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, November 9, 2015
3. An Industry in Ruins-Furnace #1
from this marker); Methodist Episcopal Church (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Blacksmith & Wagon Shop (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jackson Township.
 
An Industry in Ruins Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, November 9, 2015
4. An Industry in Ruins Marker
This marker is the third marker from left to right.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 21, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 209 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 21, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 9, 2022