“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wise in Wise County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Gladeville in the Civil War

“The Burnt City”

Gladeville in the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2015
1. Gladeville in the Civil War Marker
Inscription.  Gladeville (present-day Wise) served for a time in 1862 as the headquarters for Confederate Gen. Humphrey Marshall, who directed operations in Southwest Virginia. Despite its relative isolation in this part of the state, the community here endured numerous encounters with Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War. A Federal raid here on June 1, 1862, led to the capture of preacher and county clerk of court Morgan T. Lipps. Lipps's response to demands that he offer a sermon to his captors was that “I don’t cast pearls before swine.” He ultimately relented and was released. The Federals soon departed but burned part of Gladeville first.

On July 7, 1863, fighting erupted in the streets of the town as Union Gen. Julius White’s force attacked, “completely surprising and capturing the place by storm.” Among the prisoners were 18 officers, including Col. Benjamin E. Caudill, and 99 men of the Tenth Kentucky Mounted Rifles (CSA).

In October 1864, Union Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge's forces swept through Grundy and Crab Orchard en route to Saltville. Burbridge failed to capture
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and destroy the salt works, but “a detachment sent to Pound Gap forced its way through and drove [Confederate Lt. Col. Clarence J.] Prentice, with a superior force, from his works at Gladeville, capturing several prisoners, a number of small arms and 1 piece of artillery.” The Federals left the courthouse here in ruins.

“This city ... has 9 resident families.— One blacksmith & one saddle shop— & one store house, large church-like looking court house but no Church nor jail. Its population is about 1000 minus 965.” — Confederate Capt. Edward 0. Guerrant, February 14, 1862

“[We arrived at Gladesville—the ‘burnt city.’ The country & town especially are much changed in appearance. Few houses ever stood in Gladesville—now much fewer are left, save in their smoldering ruins & charred & blackened skeletons.” — Confederate Capt. Edward 0. Guerrant, September 7, 1862
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is June 1, 1862.
Location. 36° 58.627′ N, 82° 34.753′ W. Marker is in Wise, Virginia, in Wise County. Marker is on East Main Street (County Route 640) east of Spring
Wise County Courthouse and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, October 17, 2015
2. Wise County Courthouse and Marker
Avenue, on the right. It is at the courthouse. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wise VA 24293, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wise (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); E.M. Fulton House (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Wise (approx. half a mile away); Napoleon Hill (approx. 0.8 miles away); The University of Virginia’s College at Wise (approx. 1.2 miles away); Norton / Coeburn (approx. 3.1 miles away); Armed Forces Memorial (approx. 4.1 miles away); Norton (approx. 4.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wise.
More about this marker. Four portraits illustrate this marker: General Humphrey Marshall, Morgan Lipps, General Julius White, and General Stephen G. Burbridge.
Also see . . .  The Civil War in Wise County. “When the Courthouse was fired some of the citizens gathered about and ventured to save most of the records. John Gilliam, a local soldier of the Union Army, was instrumental in helping to save the records. This was done because he owned property near Gladeville and knew his records were there. The only record book lost was Will Book No. 1.” (Submitted on November 22, 2015.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 22, 2015, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,386 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 22, 2015, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.

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Feb. 23, 2024