San Francisco in San Francisco City and County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
(text on the horizontal surface)
Getting Around San Francisco, 1860's & 1870's
Mostly surrounded by water with hills that remain a dare, San Franciscans have embraced the challenge of getting around. Step off the transcontinental railroad and onto the Oakland ferry to greet San Francisco from the water. From the Ferry Depot take a cable car up California, or a horse car down Market, or climb into a hack for hire to arrive in style, luggage stowed above. Horse-cars - looking like future cable cars - were pulled by teams along fast tracks laid on city streets, only avoiding hills. Blacksmith Henry Casebolt invented a horse-car carriage that could pivot in a circle on wheels that remained in place. On lines not blessed with ballon cars, horse-car crews recruited passengers to get out and push their car onto a turntable and rehitch the horses. For every ten citizens, somewhere in the city a horse was hard at work, pulling a wheeled vehicle. The 1880 census counted 233,959
Hallidie's Cable Car Conquers Hills, 1873
A canny Scot, Andrew S. Hallidie made a comfortable living from manufacturing steel cables; made of six strands of nineteen steel wires each. His aerial tramways carried gold and silver bearing ore down from Sierra mines. But Hallidie had in mind a way to run horse-cars without horses. He saw an endless wire cable to be concealed underground, to which cars could be attached, like ore buckets on a tramway. In 1873, on a foggy August 1st, a 5:00 a.m. (too early for passerbys to be injured if his grip failed), Hallidie left his backers gathered at the top of Jones and Clay, to test drive the first cable car. It descended down Clay Street into the dense damp fog. Backers strained to hear the crash below, instead they heard the now familiar humming sound from the cable car slot, as Hallidie ascended, triumphant from the mist. His newfangled idea worked; 25 brave souls rode the world's first cable car up a steep city hill.
Horse-car Cable Car Street Car 1890-1910
By 1890 eight cable car systems reached North Beach, the Presidio, and Seal Rock. Lucius Beebe put it best: "Horse cars, cable cars and steam trains operated over an amazement of geographic locales. crossing, meeting, receding, shuttling, connecting and converging upon one another like dancers.
The 20th Century Arrives with a Great Shake
When the great 1906 earthquake destroyed four lines of cable car tracks down Market to the Ferry Building, electric cars moved in. Bigger, faster, and cheaper to install, the electric street car took over the first half of the 20th century. The busy street car loop in front of the Ferry Building carried more people more places - still only a nickel. Cable car slots ran down Clay Street to the waterfront; the lone Sutter Street horse-car trotted the ferry loop until 1913; interurban cars headed south to San Mateo. In 1918 ferryboat commuters had a cast-iron walkway bridge to make a safe last minute sprint over Embarcadero traffic. When automobiles threatened this lively scene in 1925, the dip-down tunnel took them under the busy loop and out the other side. It was cheap - fun - and it worked.
Erected by San Francisco Art Commission for
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Railroads & Streetcars. A significant historical date for this entry is August 1, 1880.
Location. 37° 47.633′ N, 122° 23.543′ W. Marker is in San Francisco, California, in San Francisco City and County. Marker is on The Embarcadero near Mission Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 109 The Embarcadero, San Francisco CA 94105, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Audiffred Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Splendid Survivor (within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory of Howard Sperry and Nick Bordoise (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Big Strike (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Splendid Survivor (about 600 feet away); Signs of History (about 600 feet away); Freeway Supports (about 700 feet away); Klebingat Recalls The City Front (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Francisco.
Also see . . . Wikipedia entry for San Francisco’s Cable Car System. “In 1878, Leland Stanford opened his California Street Cable Railroad (Cal Cable). This company's first line was on California Street and is the oldest cable car line still in operation. In 1880, the Geary Street, Park & Ocean Railway began operation. (Submitted on August 5, 2018.)
Credits. This page was last revised on August 5, 2018. It was originally submitted on March 4, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 564 times since then and 17 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week August 5, 2018. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 4, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. 7. submitted on August 5, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.