Richmond in Contra Costa County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Dynamic Wartime Port
Miles of undeveloped shoreline and access to the deep waters of the bay made Richmond the location of choice for the largest and most productive shipyards during World War II. The US government and private industrialists became partners in new ways, laying the groundwork for what President Einsenhower later called the “Military/Industrial Complex.” Together they created innovative plants and production methods designed to rapidly supply the war effort.
Henry J. Kaiser's company, the Permanente Metals Corporation, designed and constructed Shipyard #3 as a permanent facility, which is one reason it is still relatively intact. Though all shipbuilding and wartime industry is gone, this is still an active port. Five historic buildings remain: the machine shop. general warehouse,
In 1945 when the war ended, most of the shipyard shut down. With returning servicemen re-entering the workforce, tens of thousands of shipyard workers, many of whom were women and people of color, were laid off from their jobs.
Erected by National Park Service and East Bay Regional District.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • War, World II • Waterways & Vessels.
Location. 37° 54.609′ N, 122° 22.092′ W. Marker is in Richmond, California, in Contra Costa County. Marker can be reached from Canal Boulevard near Seacliff Drive, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond CA 94801, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. War Boomtown (approx. ¼ mile away); Wartime Changes (approx. ¼ mile away); Richmond Shipyards (approx. 0.3 miles away); SS Red Oak Victory (approx. 0.3 miles away); "Victory ships were a bigger, complicated ship." (approx. 0.4 miles away); "I was truly there and did my part to the end." -- Addie Mae Cance, former shipyard worker "It was a real workhorse." -- Jim Cannon, Marketing Director, Levin-Richmond Terminal Corp (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Ford Assembly Building (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. This marker is located at the Shipyard 3 overlook. The overlook is accessed by trail which begins from Canal Boulevard just south of the Shipyard 3 cafeteria.
Also see . . . World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area -- National Park Service. The massive square concrete building is the general warehouse, from which ships received their finishing touches-- blankets, mops, brooms and all the other individual pieces of furnishings and equipment needed to completely fit out a self-contained floating vessel. On the other side of the general warehouse... are five quays, or slips, where the ships were assembled. (Submitted on May 22, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on May 22, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 296 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 22, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.