“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cheyenne in Laramie County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)

Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II)

The Cowgirls

Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 27, 2016
1. Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker
Caption: Prairie Rose, Bronc Rider. 1915.
Inscription.  Cheyenne Frontier Days (CFD) Old West Museum (OWM) possesses a collection of Daily Programs that list contestants and events and the Ladies Cowpony Races were first run in 1899. Proud of their skills as horsewomen, young cowgirls used the packed grandstand at Frontier Days as a showcase. These races were the earliest competitive rodeo events for women. The winner of the first race was Anna McPhee, a ranch girl from north of Cheyenne who won $45. These races, and their much more thrilling sister, The Denver Post Ladies Relay Race, formed the backbone of the women's competition for nearly 50 years. These women were some of the first professional women athletes in the world.
The first woman to make a difference at CFD was Prairie Rose Henderson. A story tells how Prairie Rose demanded a chance to ride in the cowboy's broncbusting contest in 1901. The officials finally let her make an exhibition ride as a curiosity. Prairie Rose Henderson continued to be a personality at the rodeo for 25 years. She rode in all the races and made exhibition rides on bucking broncos. She was also one of the first trick riders. In
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
1912, The Wyoming Tribune reported that Prairie Rose was "roughriding" in a red velvet divided skirt and high boots. Trickriding required a more tailored outfit than the full divided skirt; Prairie Rose solved the problem with her "Turkish Trousers." A women's rights trailblazer, she is best remembered for wearing a flamboyant outfit made of light green chiffon with bloomers to the knee and a long vest trimmed with fur. Her big hat, high boots, white silk stockings and mischievous grin completed the costume. Rose rode in Wide West Shows, traveled the circuit, won many prizes and had several husbands.
The second woman was Bertha Kaepernick, a rancher's daughter from Sterling, Colorado. In 1904, bad weather threatened to close down the contest held in the old Pioneer Park. The cowboys refused to compete in the mud; they said it was too dangerous and they went on strike. According to CFD Committee Chairman Warren Richardson, Bertha seized the opportunity, got on a mean bucker and took off. In Richardson's words: "She mounted one of the worst buckers I have ever seen and she stayed on him all the time. Part of the time he was up in the air on his hind feet; once he fell backwards, and the girl deftly slid to one side only to mount him again as he got up. She rode him in the mud to the finish, and the crowd went wild with enthusiasm. Result... the cowboys thought
Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker, reverse image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 27, 2016
2. Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker, reverse
Captions: (left) Kitty Canutt, Prairie Rose, and Ruth Roach; (upper right) Helen Bonham, Miss Wyoming; (lower right) Bea Kirnan, Rose Smith, Mabel Strickland, Fox Hastings, Ruth Roach and Florence Hughes, Bronc Riders, 1916.
if a girl could ride in the mud they could too, and the show was pulled off.

Following World War I, the CFD Committee launched a public relations effort and a charming you woman, Helen Bonham, was dubbed "Miss Wyoming." Under the wing of Public Relations Chairman T. Joe Cahill, Helen rode a horse into the Congress Hotel in Chicago to deliver an invitation to Mayor William Hale Thompson from Wyoming Governor Robert Carey. She road up Fifth Avenue in New York City and brought the McAlpin trophy as an award of the champion cowgirl. Photographs of Helen appeared for serval years from 1919 to 1921 in the rotogravure section of The Denver Post. She represented CFD for those three years before the advent of Miss Frontier as we know her today.
Leona Trickey, a ranchowner from Oregon, was one tough cowgirl, according to old timers. She dominated both relay racing and bronc riding from 1920 to 1924 and won the McAlpin Trophy in 1921. A daring trickrider, she is credited with being the first woman to ride under the belly of a running horse.
Mabel Strickland was a small lady, refined and happily married to Hugh Strickland, a champion cowboy. In the 1920s, they traveled around the rodeo circuit in a special horse trailer. Covered with leather and painted with lacquer to protect it from the weather. it was pulled by car. Upon reaching a campsite,
Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 27, 2016
3. Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part II) Marker
the horses were evicted and the trailer cleaned thoroughly. Then the couple welcomed everyone to their home-away-from-home. The Stricklands pioneered "going down the road." Mabel won the McAlpin Trophy in 1922. Hugh taught her to bulldog steers and rope. She was truly an all-around gal. Mabel continued to compete, ride in relays and trick ride until 1941.
In 1924, Tex Allen, a rodeo promoter, took a delegation of cowgirls to England where they were introduced to Jodhpurs. The women of rodeo abandoned the divided skirts and Turkish Trousers and Jodhpurs became the style. With their huge 10-gallon hats and their boots, they dazzled the eye and sparked the imagination. The ranks of these spunky women never exceeded 20 competitors in any one year. They were 18 here several times, and 20 attended in 1929. All the big names came: Tad Lucas, Vera McGinnis, Bonnie Gray, Gene Kreig, Ruth Roach, Alice and Marge Greenough. Bonie McCarroll was killed while competing at Pendleton in 1927 and ladies' bronc riding was eliminated that year.

Note: Special thanks to Shirley Flynn as this information and photographs come from her book - Let's Go! Let's Show! Let's Rodeo! The History of the Cheyenne Frontier Days.
Erected by City of Cheyenne, Cheyenne Historic Historic Preservation Board, Cheyenne Area Convention and
Wyoming Cowgirls image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Unknown, circa 1920s
4. Wyoming Cowgirls
Visitors Board, Wyoming Cultural Trust Fund and Preserve America.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: EntertainmentSports.
Location. 41° 9.455′ N, 104° 49.998′ W. Marker is in Cheyenne, Wyoming, in Laramie County. Marker is on Carey Avenue near Lions Park Drive, on the left. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4610 Carey Avenue, Cheyenne WY 82001, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Trails (Part I) (a few steps from this marker); Cheyenne Frontier Days™ (Part I) (within shouting distance of this marker); The Trails (Part II) (within shouting distance of this marker); The Trails (Part III) (within shouting distance of this marker); Floyd and Edna Young Folk Art Fence (within shouting distance of this marker); Union Pacific Steam Engine #1242 (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Cheyenne Reservoir (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Laramie Trail (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cheyenne.
More about this marker. This marker is located in front of the Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 22, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 22, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 687 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 22, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from purchases you make after using links to Thank you.
Paid Advertisements
Mar. 1, 2024