Medicine Creek Rest Area
County and community names provide a look into territorial politics and plains expeditions. Lyman County derived its name from Major W.F. Lyman, a member of the 1872 Territorial Legislature which created the county, even though Lyman never lived in this area.
Hughes County, across the Missouri to the north, was named after another territorial legislator. Mellette County, southwest, honored the last territorial and first South Dakota governor. Stanley and Sully Counties, both north of here, were named after army generals of the pioneers era. Jones County, to the west, is a bit different; settlers named it after their home county in Iowa.
Railroads contributed their share of place-names to the country. The Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul chose a route
To the northwest, an approximate 20-by-20 mile area of the Ft. Pierre National Grassland preserves the side-open look of the original Dakota prairie. Thirty-five miles (56 kilometers) north, Ft. Pierre and Pierre bear names recalling the furtraders who preceded settlement along the Missouri. Their names come from that of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., an agent of the American Fur Company in the 1930's. Ft. Pierre, on the west bank of the Missouri, has been continuously occupied site since 1817, originally as a fort or fur post before becoming a shipping center and cattle town. Pierre, the state capital, was founded on the east bank of the Missouri in 1880 when Chicago and Northwestern R.R. tracks reached the river.
Erected by The South Dakota Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 115.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Railroads & Streetcars • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1817.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. World's Only Corn Palace - Mitchell (approx. 2.7 miles away); Purple Heart Memorial Highway (approx. 2.8 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps Camp (approx. 2.8 miles away); How Come They Called it Presho (approx. 4˝ miles away); Lyman County, South Dakota Veterans Memorial (approx. 4.6 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on September 26, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 24, 2016, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 201 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 24, 2016, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.