“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Lynchburg in Bedford County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Commemorating Lewis and Clark

"The Juno of our groves"


— "Trees of use and ornament" —

Commemorating Lewis and Clark Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, October 1, 2016
1. Commemorating Lewis and Clark Marker
Inscription.  (lower) Commemorating Lewis and Clark
In 2003, surveyors placed a monument on the lawn northwest of the house to commemorate the bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark expedition. The brass survey disk bears the design of Jefferson's Indian Peace Medal. Lewis and Clark gave the medal, symbolizing "Peace and Friendship," to tribal leaders that they met on their journey. It depicts a Native American hand (left) clasping a hand representing the U.S. government (right). The central triangle contains a point for determining the monument's exact location. Nationally, disks like this one have been placed at sites associated with the expedition.

(upper) "The Juno of our groves"
Likening the "Tulip Poplar to the queen or the Roman gods, Thomas Jefferson described this species of tree as "the Juno of our groves." Native to Virginia, Tulip Poplars are the tallest trees of the eastern forest, reaching 50-150 feet in height. Jefferson used them in his grounds at Poplar Forest and Monticello and recommended them to other gardeners in America and Europe.

The Tulip Poplars on the north lawn are the last survivors of a larger
Commemorating Lewis and Clark Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, October 1, 2016
2. Commemorating Lewis and Clark Marker
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grove that grew here before Jefferson designed his retreat. Tree ring counts of two felled Tulip Poplars that were, until recently, part of the grove date them to the second half of the 18th century. Jefferson later incorporated these trees into his design, where they formed a naturalistic grove.

(middle) "Trees of use and ornament"
In 1813, Jefferson reported that he was improving the property by "planting trees of use and ornament." These improvements included both native trees and more exotic imports from the South Pacific and Europe.

In the winter of 1812-1813, gardeners planted more than 300 trees individually, in rows and in clumps within the 61-acre enclosure that surrounded the house.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureExplorationHorticulture & ForestryPatriots & Patriotism. A significant historical year for this entry is 1812.
Location. 37° 20.897′ N, 79° 15.9′ W. Marker is near Lynchburg, Virginia, in Bedford County. Marker can be reached from Bateman Bridge Road. Located on the grounds of Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Forest VA 24551, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Poplar Forest Planting Memorandum 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker); Why build the mounds? (within shouting distance
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of this marker); How was the landscape partitioned? (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); What happened to Poplar Forest after Jefferson's death? (about 300 feet away); Why is the lawn sunken? (about 400 feet away); Plantation Worker Housing (about 400 feet away); St. Stephen's Church (approx. 2.4 miles away); Samuel Miller (approx. 3.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lynchburg.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 20, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 19, 2016, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 254 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 19, 2016, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

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Jan. 29, 2022