Tuskegee in Macon County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Fred David Gray
Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." Over a six-decade career, his cases desegregated transportation, education. housing, law enforcement, public accommodations, and government. In the U.S. Supreme Court, Browder v. Gayle won the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Gomillion v. Lightfoot ended gerrymandering of Tuskegee and set the stage for "one man, one vote." Lee v. Macon desegregated all Alabama public elementary and secondary schools. Dixon v. Alabama extended the rights of college students. His clients included Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., John Lewis, Vivian Malone, Harold Franklin, Freedom Riders, Selma-to-Montgomery marchers, and Tuskegee Syphilis Study victims. In 1970, he and Thomas Reed were the first African Americans since Reconstruction elected to the Alabama Legislature. In 2002, he was the first African American president of the Alabama Bar Association.
Gray represented the 623 victims of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study, in which the U.S. Public Health Service experimented from 1932-1972 on the effects of untreated syphilis, using African American men from rural Macon County as unwitting research subjects. Available
Erected 2016 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the Tuskegee History Center.
Location. 32° 25.727′ N, 85° 42.478′ W. Marker is in Tuskegee, Alabama, in Macon County. Marker is at the intersection of West Montgomery Road and Kelly Drive on West Montgomery Road. Touch for map. Located across the road from an entrance to Tuskegee University. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1103 West Montgomery Road, Tuskegee AL 36083, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dorothy Hall (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lifting the Veil of Ignorance (about 500 feet away); Booker T Washington (about 500 feet away); Tuskegee Chapel Great Philanthropists (approx. 0.2 miles away); Historic Quadrangle (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Oaks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tuskegee Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away).
More about this marker. An exact duplicate of this marker is located in Montgomery, Alabama except it was erected in 2015.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Encyclopedia of Alabama biography on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 122 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.