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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tuskegee in Macon County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Fred David Gray

Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History

 
 
Fred David Gray Marker (Side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
1. Fred David Gray Marker (Side 1)
Inscription.
Side 1
Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." Over a six-decade career, his cases desegregated transportation, education. housing, law enforcement, public accommodations, and government. In the U.S. Supreme Court, Browder v. Gayle won the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Gomillion v. Lightfoot ended gerrymandering of Tuskegee and set the stage for "one man, one vote." Lee v. Macon desegregated all Alabama public elementary and secondary schools. Dixon v. Alabama extended the rights of college students. His clients included Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., John Lewis, Vivian Malone, Harold Franklin, Freedom Riders, Selma-to-Montgomery marchers, and Tuskegee Syphilis Study victims. In 1970, he and Thomas Reed were the first African Americans since Reconstruction elected to the Alabama Legislature. In 2002, he was the first African American president of the Alabama Bar Association.
(continued on other side)

Side 2
(continued from other side)

Gray represented the 623 victims of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study, in which the U.S. Public Health Service experimented from 1932-1972 on the effects of untreated syphilis, using African American men from rural Macon County as unwitting research subjects. Available
Fred David Gray Marker (Side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
2. Fred David Gray Marker (Side 2)
medical treatment was withheld from the men in the study. In 1975, Gray negotiated a settlement for the victims and their survivors. In 1997, President Bill Clinton apologized on behalf of the nation to survivors in a White House ceremony during which he called Gray "a great friend of freedom" and thanked him "for fighting this long battle all these long years." That same year Gray initiated – in honor of the victims and in memory of Bernice Hill Gray – the Tuskegee Human and Civil Rights Multicultural Center, a museum dedicated to the history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and to the roles of the Native, European and African American peoples who have lived in what is now Macon County, Alabama.
 
Erected 2016 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the Tuskegee History Center.
 
Location. 32° 25.727′ N, 85° 42.478′ W. Marker is in Tuskegee, Alabama, in Macon County. Marker is at the intersection of West Montgomery Road and Kelly Drive on West Montgomery Road. Touch for map. Located across the road from an entrance to Tuskegee University. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1103 West Montgomery Road, Tuskegee AL 36083, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dorothy Hall (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lifting the Veil of Ignorance (about 500 feet away); Booker T Washington (about 500 feet away); Tuskegee Chapel
View of marker and Booker T. Washington Boulevard entrance to Tuskegee University. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
3. View of marker and Booker T. Washington Boulevard entrance to Tuskegee University.
(about 700 feet away); Great Philanthropists (approx. 0.2 miles away); Historic Quadrangle (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Oaks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tuskegee Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away).
 
More about this marker. An exact duplicate of this marker is located in Montgomery, Alabama except it was erected in 2015.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Encyclopedia of Alabama biography on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsPolitics
 
View of West Montgomery Road looking east. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
4. View of West Montgomery Road looking east.
Fred David Gray image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Alabama Public Radio
5. Fred David Gray
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 98 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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