Near Redfield in Spink County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Indian Capitol of the Dakotas
The Sioux tribes established, near here, Council Rock as a central meeting place for all the bands. Using a black oviate rock measuring 6” x 11” surrounded by a circle of stones 15 feet in diameter, representatives of each tribe sat with feet extended toward the Council Rock to settle affairs of the Sioux nation. The site had religious significance and was maintained as a sanctuary from war and strife. As many as 3,000 Teton, Santee, Yankton and Yanktonai gathered here annually for a great Trade Fair, where goods were bartered among the tribes. Needy persons could always find supplies here.
Prehistoric Indian people selected this general area because of the protection afforded by the James River and the high elevation of the terrain. Later the historic Indian people settled in this vicinity and later still, pioneers filed homesteads around Old Ashton, the first county seat of Spink county.
In 1939 the Daughters of the American Revolution and county school children made a reproduction of the original stone and placed it approximately twenty rods south of the original site.
Location. 44° 55.062′ N, 98° 30.737′ W. Marker is near Redfield, South Dakota, in Spink County. Marker is on U.S. 281 0.4 miles north of 171st St., on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Redfield SD 57469, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Abbie Gardner (a few steps from this marker); Pheasant History (within shouting distance of this marker); Redfield Carnegie Library (approx. 2.7 miles away).
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 19, 2017, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 142 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 19, 2017, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.