Bartow in Jefferson County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
"...lighting a continuous ﬁre..."
—March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
During the war, a train transporting Federal prisoners off-loaded the body of an unidentified Federal soldier at Bartow. The townspeople gave him a Christian burial in the Bartow Cemetery on Church Street about 300 yards to the north of the depot. Among the Confederate casualties buried there are James Speir's two sons. They were killed a year apart in Virginia and brought home in a mule-drawn wagon by a family
On Monday, November 28, 1864, Union Brigadier General Nathaniel J. Jackson's division of Brigadier General Alpheus S. Williams's 20th Corps, part of Major General William T. Sherman's "Left Wing," destroyed the railroad east from Davisborough (Davisboro) to Bartow. One Federal soldier at Bartow described their work as "...lighting a continuous fire of pitch rails along both sides of the...rail to burn and warp them," which were then "...bent & twisted...very considerably." The soldiers enthusiastically heated and twisted rails that passed by "Sandy Grove," the plantation home of Herschel V. Johnson. Johnson, a former Georgia governor, United States Senator and 1860 Democratic vice presidential nominee running mate of Stephen Douglas lived just north of town. He was a political moderate and worked to prevent Georgia's secession. However, Johnson remained loyal to his state. He served as a Confederate senator from Georgia during the war.
General Williams and the 20th Corps headquarters, General Jackson and his division plus the brigade of Colonel Patrick H. Jones (guarding the 20th Corps supply wagons) in Brigadier General John W. Geary's division all camped the night of November 28th at Bartow in a grove of pines that stood just east of the depot. The next morning Williams and his command departed Bartow. By 1:00 p.m. the remaining
Left: Francis S. Barrow
Middle top: Herschel V. Johnson (Library of Congress)
Middle bottom: Burning of Ties and Rails (Harper's Weekly)
Right top: Approximate routes of the "March to the Sea" through middle Georgia in November 1864 (adopted from the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies)
Background watermark: Troops Destroying Railroads
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number R16.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 32° 52.773′ N, 82° 28.463′ W. Marker is in Bartow, Georgia, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Depot Street east of North Railroad Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located within Heritage Square Park, next to the former train
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of Fort Wood (within shouting distance of this marker); Spier's Turnout (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Savannah Road (approx. 1.3 miles away); General Wood's Fort (approx. 1.6 miles away); Tarver's Mill (approx. 3˝ miles away); The 20th Corps (approx. 4.1 miles away); Old Sunbury Road (approx. 4˝ miles away); a different marker also named Old Sunbury Road (approx. 5.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bartow.
Also see . . . New Georgia Encyclopedia article on Francis Bartow. (Submitted on May 8, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Politics • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on May 8, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 8, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 210 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 8, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.