Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
NASA Space History
Spacecraft, Procedures, and Communication Systems
Neil Armstrong Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins’s historic trip to the moon on July 20, 1969, owes much to the Center. Apollo astronauts learned to dock spacecraft and land the lunar module at NASA Langley. The Lunar Orbit Rendezvous method, championed by Langley’s John Houbolt, resulted in a single launch for astronauts and command, service, and lunar modules. The Rendezvous Docking Simulator and the Lunar Landing Research Facility are now National Historic Landmarks.
Additional Langley Landmarks include the Variable Density Tunnel, which was the world’s first pressurized wind tunnel; the
NASA Langley mathematician Katherine Goble Johnson, an African-American, performed the flight calculations for several historic space missions, including the Apollo 11 journey to the moon.
When the Johnson Space Center opened in Houston in 1961, many space flight tasks were moved there. However, NASA Langley continues to be a vital part of the space program and has contributed to the Space Shuttle, climate sensing satellites, the Orion crew capsule, and the Ares rocket.
John Houbolt showing Lunar Orbit Rendezvous method
Original Mercury astronauts
Neil Armstrong at Langley Lunar Landing Facility
Tom Byrdsong with Apollo/Saturn in NASA Langley Transonic Dynamics Tunnel
All images courtesy of NASA
Erected 2010 by Bring History to Life.
Location. 37° 2.615′ N, 76° 21.991′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is on West Mercury Boulevard (U.S. 258) west of LaSalle Avenue (Virginia Route 167), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located in Air Power Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 413 W Mercury Blvd, Hampton VA 23666, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. NACA (here, next to this marker); Langley Field (here, next to this marker); A-7E Corsair II (a few steps from this marker); Mercury Test Capsule (within shouting distance of this marker); T-33A T-Bird (within shouting distance of this marker); M-2 Corporal (within shouting distance of this marker); A-2 Polaris (within shouting distance of this marker); Ajax (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Categories. • African Americans • Air & Space • Exploration • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page was last revised on May 30, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 51 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.