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White Mills in Wayne County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass...

...Cut Crystal for Use in America's Finest Homes.

 

—The White Mills Community Trail —

 
Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass... Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 4, 2017
1. Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass... Marker
Inscription.

How Glass Is Cut
Once a glass "blank" was blown and annealed to room temperature, it went to the cutting department where skilled workers used cast iron and stone wheels to cut the desired pattern or design. Wooden and felt wheels and polishing brushes were used to smooth and polish the cuts. Each cutter stood at a cutting frame consisting of two posts attached to a large wooden tub. A stone wheel on a spindle was set between the posts. It turned by belts from driveshafts powered by a large steam engine at the rear of the factory. A funnel-shaped hopper hung over the stone and fed a mixture of water and an abrasive to the revolving stone. The wooden tub served to capture the used mixture of water and abrasive. Blanks would first be marked with guidelines for the cutters and then each piece would go through the roughing, smoothing, and polishing steps. Later the company used hydrofluoric acid to polish items after they were smoothed. Acid etching was also used to create floral designs on the glass in the "Kalana" series, introduced after 1907.

[Photo captions read]
Workers having lunch inside the T.B. Clark factory when it was located in Armory #1 on Industrial Point, Honesdale. The workers in Dorflinger's factory would look very much the same.

The smoothers section of the factory was on the upper floor

Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass... Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 4, 2017
2. Dorflinger: America's Finest Glass... Marker
SE side of Dorflinger Factory Museum building in background
of the cutting room. Dozens of cutting frames extended in two rows the length of the floor. The skylights at the top of the room provided plenty of natural light. The main driveshaft went down the line and each frame had its own belt, which was adjusted until the tension was correct. The wood tubs in each frame contained water, which "stunk to high heaven." The water had to be taken out by hand in buckets, so some of it remained in the frames for months.

[Text inside red border at bottom right of marker reads]
In 1861, Dorflinger's Greenpoint Flint Glass Works produced a set of glasses for President Abraham and Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln. This pattern consisted of a fine-cut design with a copper wheel engraved variation of the Presidential seal. This pattern (left photo) was used in the White House over the next thirty years until it was replaced by the pattern produced for President Benjamin Harrison in 1891. (right photo) Dorflinger's company and several others made replacements as needed.
 
Erected by Dorflinger-Suydam Wildlife Sanctuary, Lackawanna Heritage Valley, DCNR, Lackawanna Wonderful, and National Park Service.
 
Location. 41° 31.597′ N, 75° 12.158′ W. Marker is in White Mills, Pennsylvania, in Wayne County. Touch for map. Marker

Former Dorflinger Glass Works Office image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 4, 2017
3. Former Dorflinger Glass Works Office
is on the grounds of the Dorflinger Factory Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8 Elizabeth Street, White Mills PA 18473, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. As the Company Prospered, So Did the Community. (within shouting distance of this marker); When Christian Dorflinger Melded His Art with History... (within shouting distance of this marker); Skills Passed Down through Generations... (within shouting distance of this marker); From Alsace, France to White Mills... (within shouting distance of this marker); There Was More to White Mills than Glass (within shouting distance of this marker); Dorflinger Glass Works (within shouting distance of this marker); The Canal and the Rails Spark the Growth of White Mills... (within shouting distance of this marker); Watching Over Their Livelihood and Their Homes (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in White Mills.
 
Also see . . .
1. Dorflinger Factory Museum. (Submitted on June 4, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. White Mills Community Trail may open in fall (2008 Wayne Independent article). (Submitted on June 4, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Dorflinger Glass Museum.
Former Dorflinger Glass Works Lower Cutting Shop image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 4, 2017
4. Former Dorflinger Glass Works Lower Cutting Shop
(Submitted on June 4, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 5, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 4, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 85 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 4, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   3, 4. submitted on June 5, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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