“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Pedro Cholula in Municipality of San Pedro Cholula, Puebla, Mexico — The Central Highlands

Emiliano Zapata

Emiliano Zapata Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2017
1. Emiliano Zapata Marker
Emiliano Zapata
"Quiero morir siendo esclavo de los principios, no de los hombres"

José Juan Espinosa Torres
Presidente Municipal

Esperanza Estela Chilaca Muñoz
Síndico Municipal

Ignacio A. Molina Huerta
Secretario de Ayuntamiento

Eduardo Blanca Dieste · Marcelino Calzadilla García · Ricardo García Coconi · Santiago Cárcoba Ricco · María Guadalupe Tecotl Flores · Eduardo Aguilar Ramos · Víctor Manuel Romero Tecpanecatl · Saltiel Arturo Carranco Blanca · Pablo Ricardo Melgarejo Luna · María de la Luz Miramon Reyes · Carmen María Rojas Franco · Renato Augusto Lorenzini Rangel

San Pedro Cholula Puebla, a 20 de noviembre de 2014.

English translation:
Emiliano Zapata
"I want to die as a slave to principles, not to men"

Names of municipal authorities

San Pedro Cholula Puebla, November 20, 2014.

Erected 2014 by Gobierno Municipal de San Pedro Cholula.
Location. 19° 3.775′ N, 98° 18.331′ W. Marker is in San Pedro Cholula, Puebla, in Municipality of San Pedro Cholula. Marker is on Avenida 4 Oriente, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. The statue
Emiliano Zapata Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2017
2. Emiliano Zapata Marker
and marker are on the northeastern corner of La Concordia Park. Marker is in this post office area: San Pedro Cholula, Puebla 72760, Mexico.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Parish of San Pedro Apostle (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Franciscan Convent of The Archangel Gabriel / San Pedro Cholula (about 120 meters away); Bernardino Rivadavia (about 120 meters away); Dr. Alfredo Toxqui Fernández de Lara (about 150 meters away); Dr. Moisés Toxqui Avila (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Cholula (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Sanctuary of The Remedies (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The Wishing Well of Cholula (approx. 0.8 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Pedro Cholula.
Regarding Emiliano Zapata. Emiliano Zapata Salazar (b. 8 August 1879 – d. 10 April 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, the main leader of the peasant revolution in the state of Morelos, and the inspiration of the agrarian movement called Zapatismo.
Zapata was born in the rural village of Anenecuilco, Morelos, where peasant communities were under increasing pressure from the small landowning class who monopolized land and water resources for sugar cane production with the support of dictator Porfirio Díaz. Zapata
Emiliano Zapata image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 10, 2017
3. Emiliano Zapata
early on participated in political movements against Diaz and the large landowners, and when the Revolution broke out in 1910 he was positioned as a central leader of the peasant revolt in Morelos. Cooperating with a number of other peasant leaders he formed the Liberation Army of the South of which he soon became the undisputed leader. Zapata's forces contributed to the fall of Díaz, defeating the Federal Army in the Battle of Cuautla. However, when Francisco I. Madero became president he disavowed the role of the Zapatistas, denouncing them as simple bandits. In November 1911, Zapata promulgated the Plan de Ayala which called for substantial land reforms, redistributing lands to the peasants. Madero sent the Federal Army to root out the Zapatistas in Morelos. Madero's generals employed a scorched earth policy, burning villages and forcibly removing their inhabitants, drafting many men into the Army or sending them to forced labor camps in Southern Mexico. This strengthened Zapata's standing among the peasants and Zapata was able to drive the forces of Madero, led by Victoriano Huerta, out of Morelos. In a coup against Madero in February 1913, Huerta took power in Mexico, but a coalition of Constitutionalist forces in Northern Mexico led by Venustiano Carranza, Álvaro Obregón and Francisco Villa then ousted him in July 1914 with the support of Zapata's troops. Zapata did not recognize
Emiliano Zapata image. Click for full size.
By Antonio Garduño, December 1914
4. Emiliano Zapata
This iconic photo of Zapata is in the public domain.
the authority that Carranza asserted as leader of the revolutionary movement, continuing his adherence to the Plan de Ayala.
In the aftermath of the revolutionaries' victory over Huerta, they attempted to sort out power relations in the Convention of Aguascalientes. Zapata and Villa broke with Carranza, and Mexico descended into all-out civil war among the winners. Zapata focused his energies on rebuilding Morelos, which he now controlled, instituting the land reforms of the Plan de Ayala. As Carranza consolidated his power and defeated Villa in 1915, Zapata initiated guerrilla warfare against the Carrancistas, who in turn invaded Morelos, employing once again scorched earth tactics to oust the Zapatista rebels. Zapata once again retook Morelos in 1917 and held most of the state against Carranza's troops until he was killed in an ambush in April 1919.
After his death Zapatista generals aligned with Obregón against Carranza and helped drive Carranza from power. In 1920, Zapatistas managed to obtain powerful posts in the governance of Morelos after Carranza's fall. They instituted many of the land reforms envisioned by Zapata in Morelos.
Zapata remains an iconic figure in Mexico, used both as a nationalist symbol as well as a symbol of the neo-Zapatista movement. Adapted from Wikipedia
Categories. Patriots & PatriotismWars, Non-US
A photo of the unveiling of the statue and marker of Emiliano Zapata image. Click for full size.
By Las Breves de Cholula, November 20, 2016
5. A photo of the unveiling of the statue and marker of Emiliano Zapata
Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 7, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 132 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 7, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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