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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Non-US Wars Topic

Hernando de Soto in Alabama Marker reverse image, Touch for more information
By J. Makali Bruton, February 16, 2018
Hernando de Soto in Alabama Marker reverse
1Alabama (Cleburne County), Muscadine — Hernando de Soto in Alabama
The De Soto Trail Hernando De Soto in Alabama Hernando de Soto brought his 700-man army to Alabama in the fall of 1540. This was the first major European expedition to the interior of the southeastern United States. The De Soto . . . Map (db m114373) HM
2Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Limestone County Beirut Memorial — (U.S. Marine Barracks Bombing) —
Beirut William Ellis Winter Major, USMC Mar. 27, 1951 Oct. 23, 1983 KIAMap (db m154209) WM
3Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Magnolia Cemetery
Municipal cemetery established 1836. Today Magnolia encompasses over fifty thousand burials in 120 acres, including two Alabama governors, seven congressmen, twenty mayors, six generals, rabbis, free blacks, society women, Apache Indians, writers . . . Map (db m180876) HM
4Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — William B. Travis HouseC. 1820
The Alabama home of the commander of the Alamo. While living in this house Travis read law under The Hon. James Dellet of Claiborne, Al. In 1831, at the age of 22, he left Claiborne for Texas where he practiced law and became involved in the Texas . . . Map (db m47644) HM
5Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — History of Castle Hill (-1804)
When the Kiksadi clan of the Tlingit Indians first migrated into this area from the south, they chose this promontory for the erection of their main houses. There were four of these community houses here when Baranof, governor of the . . . Map (db m181334) HM
6Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Hugo O'Conor
Commandant Inspector of the Interior Provinces of New Spain Hugo O'Conor Founder of the Presidio San Agustin de Tucson August 20, 1775 Hugh O'Conor was born in Ireland in 1734 during a time in Irish history when England . . . Map (db m31548) HM
7California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Robert Hale Merriman ResidenceBerkeley History
Robert Hale Merriman, a UC Berkeley graduate student studying economics during the early 1930s, was among the first Americans to give his life in the fight against fascism. During the Spanish Civil War, Merriman was a commanding officer of the . . . Map (db m152785) HM
8California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Bell of Dolores
This replica of the “Bell of Dolores” was presented to the City of Los Angeles by the Republic of Mexico in 1968. This cherished relic of Mexican history represents not only Mexico’s bid for freedom, but also the beginning of democracy . . . Map (db m162015) HM
9California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Cahuenga Pass TreasureAt The Hollywood Bowl
Treasure hunters believe there is 20th-century loot hidden at the Bowl. Many have searched, but the treasure is still a mystery. The legend of the Cahuenga Pass treasure begins in 1864 when, under Napoleon's rule, France invaded Mexico and . . . Map (db m129805) HM
10California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Hungarian Freedom Fight of 1956
Erected in memory of the heroes of the glorious Hungarian Freedom Fight of 1956. A symbol of man’s yearning for freedom everywhere.Map (db m125328) WM
11California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 159 — Ralph Bunche Home
First African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Built 1908. Declared 1976, Historic-Cultural Monument No. 159, City of Los Angeles, Cultural Heritage Commission, Cultural Affairs Department.Map (db m174655) HM
12California (Marin County), Larkspur — Sir Francis DrakeLooking Beyond the Horizon
SIR FRANCIS DRAKE Born in 1540, Sir Francis Drake went to sea at about age 12. After Spaniards attacked an English trading fleet, including his ship, at San Juan de Ullua in Mexico, Drake began raiding Spanish ships and coasts. In a . . . Map (db m153379) HM
13California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811) Father of Mexico His battle cry for freedom on September 16, 1810 led Mexico to indenpendence from Spain and the end of colonialism. Statue donated by Alberto and Carmencita Heredia, and family, . . . Map (db m137649) WM
14California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Mexico's Liberty Bell (A Replica)
On the early morning of Sunday September 16th.; A.D. 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rang the bell of his church in the town of Dolores, in the now state of Guanajuato, calling the people to mass and to bear arms against the . . . Map (db m162986) HM
15California (San Joaquin County), Stockton — José Maria Morelos y Pavón
En conmemoración del Bicentenario de la Independencia de México y el Centenario de la Revolución mexicana, el Gobierno de México, a través del Consulado General de México en Sacramento, con el invaluable apoyo de la Asociación Comerciantes Unidos, . . . Map (db m103034) HM
16California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj(1630 – 1680)
Shivaji founded Pune (circa 1640). He was the first modern warrior who successfully fought the foreign invaders for 40 years and established a Maratha Kingdom that lasted 200 years with Pune as its Capital.Map (db m52492) HM
17California (Tuolumne County), Columbia — Charles Crist Kress
Charles Crist Kress died Oct. 10, 1913. Age 84, Native of Alsage-Lorraine. He spoke five languages , a veteran of the Crimean War, married in New York, came around the Horn to San Francisco. He owned a baker shop on Kearny St. In 1863 he bought 160 . . . Map (db m12988) HM
18Colorado (Custer County), Wetmore — Cuerno Verde
The long battle between colonial Spain and the Comanche people climaxed in 1779, when Juan Batista de Anza's army killed the great chief Cuerno Verde (Green Horn) southeast of here at the foot of Greenhorn Mountain. De Anza, the governor of New . . . Map (db m153431) HM
19Connecticut (Fairfield County), Fairfield — Thomas Sherwood Memorial
In memory of Thomas Sherwood 1586 – 1655 Puritan – Pioneer – Ancestor A founder of New England A first settler of Fairfield Deputy to the General Court Committeeman Soldier of the Pequot War and his wives . . . Map (db m27173) HM
20Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Matthew Furlong
On June 5, 1798, Matthew Furlong was shot dead by Crown forces in New Ross as he approached the Three Bullet Gate carrying a flag of truce and a letter asking for the surrender of the town to the Rebel forces. This monument serves to . . . Map (db m151919) HM
21Connecticut (New Haven County), Milford — The Regicides
The Regicides Whalley and Goffe Were Hidden In A House Located on This Site Presented by The Class of '37 Milford High SchoolMap (db m54716) HM
22Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Col Edward Whalley
In Memory of the Regicide Col Edward Whalley Son of Richard Whalley Esq a member of Parliament in the last days of Queen Elizabeth and first cousin of Oliver Cromwell. A stalwart Puritan he rose to high command in the Civil Wars. He was the . . . Map (db m34822) HM
23Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Col William Goffe
In Memory of the Regicide Col William Goffe A member of the High Court of Justice which in 1649 tried and condemned King Charles 1st of England and a signer of the kings death warrant. He served with distinction in the Parliamentary Army and in . . . Map (db m34817) HM
24Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Judges Cave
Judges Cave Here May Fifteenth 1661 and for some weeks thereafter Edward Whalley and his son-in-law William Goffe, members of the Parliament General, officers in the army of the Commonwealth and signers of the death warrant of King Charles First, . . . Map (db m34719) HM
25Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — Historic Iron Ore Mining
[caption:] Iron ore like this was mined from Iron Hill and Chestnut Hill What is iron ore? Iron is a silvery-white, solid metal, though when found in Pencader Hundred, it commonly appears as a brown, and sometimes nearly black . . . Map (db m157343) HM
26Delaware (New Castle County), Newark — Historic Iron Ore Mining
[caption:] Iron ore like this was mined from Iron Hill and Chestnut Hill What is iron ore? Iron is a silvery-white, solid metal, though when found in Pencader Hundred, it commonly appears as a brown, and sometimes nearly black . . . Map (db m158219) HM
27District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Luis Alves De Lima E Silva
Luis Alves de Lima e Silva Duke of Caxias Marshal, hero and patron of the undefeated Brazilian Army.Map (db m129203) WM
28District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Admiral Miguel Grau
Gran Almirante de Peru Miguel Grau 1834-1879 La República del Perú al Caballero de los Mares Inaugurado por el Presidente del Consejo de Ministros Salomón Lerner Ghitis y el Embajador del Perú en los Estados Unidos de América Harold . . . Map (db m97802) HM WM
29District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Assassination of Orlando Letelier and Ronni K. Moffitt
Justice – Peace - Dignity Orlando Letelier Apr. 13, 1932 – Sept. 21, 1976 Ronni K. Moffitt Jan. 10, 1951 – Sept. 21, 1976Map (db m98758) HM WM
30District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Hungarian Veterans Memorial1703 - 1848 - 1956
In memory of all the Hungarians who sacrificed their lives for freedom. Mindazon magyarok emléké, akik életüket áldozták a szabadságért.Map (db m113913) WM
31District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Lajos (Louis) Kossuth
'All for the people, all by the people, nothing about the people without the people, that is democracy.' Spoken to the Ohio State Legislature on February 6, 1852 Lajos (Louis) Kossuth Champion of Liberty, Fraternity, and . . . Map (db m113910) HM
32District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Lajos (Louis) Kossuth1802 - 1894
This house is dedicated to the fraternal and cultural endeavors of freedom-loving Americans of Hungarian ancestry and to the living memory of Lajos (Louis) Kossuth champion of liberty, fraternity, and equality, governor of . . . Map (db m113911) HM
33District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — The Budapest Lad (Pesti Srac) Statue
The Budapest Lad (Pesti Srac) statue was erected on October 16, 2016, in commemoration of the 60th Anniversary of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and Freedom Fight. The Embassy of Hungary gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the . . . Map (db m122532) HM
34District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — Beyond the AEF
The American Expeditionary Forces were the soldiers and marines who fought on the Western Front in France and Belgium. But many other Americans served in the war. While the United States initially remained neural, thousands of Americans . . . Map (db m171283) HM
35District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Benito Juárez Memorial — Statues of the Liberators —
[Inscriptions, east face:] Respect for the rights of others is peace Benito Juárez 1806-1872 The people of Mexico to the people of the United States of America El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz Benito Juárez 1806-1872 El pueblo de . . . Map (db m82923) HM
36District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Simón Bolívar"Statues of the Liberators"
[south face of pedestal] Simón Bolívar The Liberator Born July 24, 1783 Caracas, Venezuela Died December 17, 1830 Santa Marta, Colombia [east face of pedestal] The Republic of Venezuela to the . . . Map (db m65731) WM
37District of Columbia (Washington), Sheridan-Kalorama — General Manuel Belgrano1770 — 1820
Statesman, Leader and Forerunner of the Independence Movement in Latin America. Promoter of the economy and education, mentor of the principles of freedom that burst onto the Argentine early political scene in May 1810. An exemplary soldier, he . . . Map (db m74989) HM
38District of Columbia (Washington), Sheridan-Kalorama — Robert Emmet: Irish PatriotRock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"I wished to procure for my country the guarantee which Washington procured for America" The centerpiece of this small park is a sculpture of Irish patriot Robert Emmet that serves as a tribute to how American democracy inspired the . . . Map (db m112614) HM
39District of Columbia (Washington), Sheridan-Kalorama — Simón Bolívar (1783-1830)
Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) Libertador de Venezuela, Colombia Panamá, Perú, Ecuador y Bolivia. English translation: Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia Panama, Peru, . . . Map (db m113370) HM
40District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "All Men Are Brothers"
Paul travelled the world using his art as his weapon to fight against oppression and for self determination for all people. His home turf and land of his birth was not off limits as he marched with others to advance the cause of civil rights and . . . Map (db m112000) HM
41Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — D — Supremacy, Siege and the Sea — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Military and naval conflict dominated the 18th century. France, Spain, and Great Britain were aggressors in nearly constant warfare that often extended into North America. Spain established a fledgling colony near what is now the Pensacola Naval Air . . . Map (db m130767) HM
42Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Captain Joseph FryTampa's First Native Son Died for Cuban Liberty
Captain Joseph Fry was born in Tampa (Fort Brooke) June 14, 1826. As a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, he served with the Navy throughout the world. When the Civil War broke out, Fry fought with courage and capacity for the South in the . . . Map (db m129943) HM
43Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — General Antonio Maceo
“La libertad no se mendiga. Se conquista con el filo del machete.” English: “Freedom is not begged for. It is conquered with the edge of the machete.” General Antonio Maceo “El Titan de . . . Map (db m134798) WM
44Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — General Máximo Gómez
Generalisimo Maximo Gomez 1886-1905 Nacio en Bani Rep. Dominicana 18 Nov 1836 Libertador de Cuba Donaron e instalaron el busto Jose Bianka y Stephanie Alvarez Aprovado por Comisionado Willy Gort Colaboradores: Consul Dom. Manuel . . . Map (db m134727) HM WM
45Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — José Martí
“Yo quiero, cuando me muera sin patria, pero sin amo, tener en mi losa un ramo de flores, - ¡y una bandera!” English: “I want, when I die, without a country, but without a master, to have on my tomb . . . Map (db m134797) WM
46Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Memorial to the Fallen of Cuban Liberation
A los mártires que han derramado su sangre por la libertad de Cuba. En el año del centenario de la muerte de nuestro apóstol Jose Marti. 1895-1995 Caballeros de Colon Consejo Beato Marcelino Champagnat Consejo Corpus Christi Miami, 20 . . . Map (db m134795) WM
47Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Nestor A. Izquierdo
Monumento establecido 8/24/1984 Honrar honra 1992 En memoria de Nestor A. Izquierdo Veterano de la Brigada 2506 U.S.A. Army Esta obra fue realizada por Gilberto Casanova Secretario General de Accion Cubana y algunos . . . Map (db m134794) WM
48Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami Beach — José Martí1853 - 1895
A tribute from all Cubans and Latin Americans in exile honoring his inspired patriotic life devoted to freedom and justice for all “No son bellas las playas del destierro hasta que se les dice ¡Adios!” Comite Pro . . . Map (db m134649) HM WM
49Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami Beach — Simón Bolívar
Simón Bolivar “El Libertador” 1783-1830 Un tributo de la Familia Hernández y cubanos del exilio al Libertador de los países Bolivarianos, en reconocimiento y honor a su patriotismo de libertad y justicia para el pueblo. . . . Map (db m134629) HM WM
50Florida (Orange County), Orlando — Simon Bolivar
Simon Bolivar was born in Caracas, Venezuela, on July 24, 1783 and died in Santa Marta, Columbia, on December 17, 1830. Liberator of Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and founder of Bolivia. "Without equality, all freedoms and all . . . Map (db m166045) WM
51Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Massacre by MenendezFort Matanzas National Monument
Massacre by Menendez of Ribault and his men September 1565Map (db m127496) HM
52Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Old World Showdown / Reyes y feFort Matanzas National Monument
Old World Showdown (English) One of the first colonial conflicts between European nations happened near here in 1565. Spain had already claimed Florida when France established Fort Caroline near present-day Jacksonville. This . . . Map (db m127497) HM
53Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-18 — Le Sieur Christophe Anne Poulain du Bignon(1739- 1825)
Horton - Du Bignon House Du Bignon Burial Ground Beginning with Poulain du Bignon, five du Bignon generations made Jekyll Island one of Georgia's most romantic Golden Isles. This tabby ruin and burial ground alone remain from Jekyll Island's . . . Map (db m18497) HM
54Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Fort St. Simons
British settlement on St. Simons Island dates from 1736 when General James Edward Oglethorpe established the fortified town of Frederica seven miles northwest of today's lighthouse. Fort Frederica served as a defense against the Spanish in Florida . . . Map (db m106265) HM
55Georgia (Richmond County), Augusta — Eve1806 - 1877
Paul Fitzsimmons Eve, native Augustan and a founder of the Medical College of Georgia, was a brilliant surgeon recognized internationally and a prolific writer. His war activities included aid to French, Italian and Confederate forces and service as . . . Map (db m114274) HM
56Georgia (Taliaferro County), Crawfordville — 131-7 — Old Tavern Site
On this site, Lot 17, provided for, in 1826, in the Town Plan by Hermon Mercer, who laid out the town of Crawfordville, a tavern, inn or hotel has stood continuously. The original tavern, built by Gilbert Rossignol, a refugee from the French . . . Map (db m21444) HM
57Georgia (Taliaferro County), Sharon — 131-5 — The Church of the PurificationLocust Grove Academy
In 1790 several Catholic families of English descent from Maryland settled near Locust Grove. They established the first Roman Catholic Church in Georgia and erected a log church in 1792. A priest, Father John LeMoin, was sent to it from Baltimore. . . . Map (db m24896) HM
58Georgia (Walker County), LaFayette — 146-1 — Fort Cumming
Here stood a Cherokee Indian stockade with blockhouse on hill, built by U.S. Government in 1836. Capt. Samuel Fariss and a company of Georgia volunteers guarded Cherokee Indians here before their removal to the west. This fort was . . . Map (db m12907) HM
59Hawaii (Hawaii County), Keauhou — The Kamehameha Dynasty
The Kamehameha Dynasty As a young man, Kamehameha was a proven warrior and political strategist who rose to power with the support of the chiefs of Kona and unified the island of Hawai'i under his leadership in the late 1700a. He embraced . . . Map (db m110302) HM
60Illinois (St. Clair County), Belleville — Deidesheimer's Dry Goods Store
In 1867, Henry Deidesheimer was one of three businessmen who built three identical buildings on adjoining lots on East Main Street at High Street. Each brick and iron building was three stories tall. Deidesheimer's dry goods and grocery store . . . Map (db m157736) HM
61Illinois (St. Clair County), Cahokia — Jarrot Mansion
Major Nicholas Jarrot, 1764 - 1820, Frontier merchant prince, French Revolution refugee, built this Cahokia home, 1799 - 1806, for his American born wife, Julie St. Gemme de Beauvais, 1780 -1875, daughter of American Revolutionary patriots. . . . Map (db m145035) HM
62Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — Floyd County World Peace Honor Roll
In honored memory of Floyd County Servicemen who sacrificed their lives for World Peace SGT. Christopher K. Hilgert U.S. Army • Aug. 8, 1993 • Somalia SGT. Steven P. Mennemeyer US. Army • Aug. 8, 2006 • Iraq . . . Map (db m46943) WM
63Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — Douglas A4D SkyhawkBuno number 144906
(left marker:) The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a single seat carrier-capable attack aircraft developed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The A-4 Skyhawk was designed and produced by Douglas Aircraft Company. It is a . . . Map (db m180839) HM
64Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 940 — Bath County
Formed from Montgomery County, 1811. Named for its many mineral springs. The birthplace of CSA Gen. John B. Hood and US Senator Richard H. Menefee. Owingsville named for Col. Thomas D. Owings. Organizer US 28th Inf. Reg., 1812. Associate in . . . Map (db m26286) HM
65Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — "Fight as Kentuckians"A Brief History of the Kentucky Guard — 1912-1940 —
During the early years of the 20th century the National Guard would face some major changes in an attempt to transform the state militia to becoming the National Guard of today. Several pieces of landmark legislation were passed to enhance the . . . Map (db m161766) HM
66Kentucky (Henderson County), Henderson — Husband Edward Kimmel
Born in Henderson, Kentucky on February 26, 1882. Kimmel was one of seven children of Marius Manning and Sibbella Lambert Kimmel. The family home was at 512 North Green Street (a state historical plaque marks the spot). He went through his . . . Map (db m119783) HM WM
67Kentucky (Oldham County), La Grange — Colonel William Oldham
Oldham was the 75th county created by the Kentucky Legislature. It was formed on January 15, 1824, from portions of Jefferson, Henry and Shelby Counties. The county is named for William Oldham, Revolutionary War patriot and early pioneer. . . . Map (db m136163) HM
68Louisiana (Ascension Parish), Darrow — Bocage Plantation
Built in 1801 by Marius Pons Bringier as wedding gift for daughter Fanny, who married Christophe Colomb, a French refugee. Remodeled by Architect James Dakin 1837. Restored by Dr. & Mrs. E.G. Kohlsdorf 1941.Map (db m85285) HM
69Maine (Aroostook County), Fort Kent — The Aroostook War
The Aroostook War was an undeclared, bloodless “war” that occurred in 1839. The peace treaty that ended the American Revolution in 1783 had not satisfactorily determined the boundary between New Brunswick and what is now Maine. The . . . Map (db m102463) HM
70Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — History of Our Maryland Flag
Design The black and gold design on the flag is the coat of arms from the Calvert line. It was granted to George Calvert as a reward for his storming a fortification during a battle. The red and white design is the coat of arms of the . . . Map (db m114857) HM
71Maryland (Baltimore), Druid Hill Park — William Wallace
"Guardian of Scotland" Scottish Wars of Independence Presented to the people of Baltimore by William Wallace Spence November 30, 1893 Re-dedicated on August 22, 1993 by the St. Andrew's Society of Baltimore "It is in truth not for glory, nor . . . Map (db m7596) HM
72Maryland (Baltimore), Inner Harbor — The National Katyń MemorialBóg, Honor, Ojczyzna — God, Honor, Country —
Fire has been used artistically to symbolize a rebirth or transformation in this monument a symbolic fire envelops the Katyń martyrs in its flames and raises them spiritually into the pantheon of national heroes of Poland. The . . . Map (db m183379) HM
73Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — The Global Refugee Muralby Joel Beringer ©2009 — creative director Tom Block —
This mural tells the stories of 3 refugees who live here in Maryland, who were interviewed for this project. Georges, a former mayor of his city in eastern Congo (DRC), fled with his family when the war came to his region. Mai, from Myanmar (aka . . . Map (db m114527) HM
74Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary's City — A Change in Government
As an aftershock of the "Glorious Revolution" in England, a bloodless rebellion occurred in 1689 against Lord Baltimore in Maryland. It temporarily ended rule by the Calvert family. The Protestant King William and Queen Mary took over the colony and . . . Map (db m138849) HM
75Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary's City — A Time of TroublesStruggling
Civil war raged in England during the 1640s between King Charles I and his opponents in Parliament. Maryland's proprietary government, led by Lord Baltimore and other Catholics, sided with the King. Many of the first colonists in Maryland, however, . . . Map (db m138837) HM
76Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary's City — In 1648 Margaret Brent Asks for “Vote...And Voyce”
Margaret Brent (ca. 1601–1671), a Catholic gentlewoman, lived in Maryland from 1638 to 1650. In June 1647 the dying governor, Leonard Calvert, made her executrix of his estate with power to pay the soldiers he had hired to put down a . . . Map (db m950) HM
77Maryland (Worcester County), Ocean City — Smaller Conflicts After WWII
World War II was the last fought in which the President asked Congress for a declaration of war. Since then, United States armed forces have been in combat, including these smaller conflicts: Cuba 1961 The U.S. orchestrates the . . . Map (db m150158) HM
78Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Concord — Concord Massachusetts War Memorials
The monument on the left honors three residents killed in Korea and one lost in Iraq. Howard Francis Heyliger • James Edward Smith Jr. • Wilfrid Wheeler, III • Brian M. McPhillips The monument on the right honors five killed in Vietnam . . . Map (db m107681) HM WM
79Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Hermann Monument(Hermann Denkmal)
Hermann (Arminius) of the Cherusci tribe led several German tribes in battle against their Roman conquerors in 9 A.D., and defeated them in the hills of Teutoburg Forest near present Detmold. To later unified Germany, Hermann . . . Map (db m65467) HM
80Minnesota (Hennepin County), Richfield — Colonel Josiah Snelling1782 – 1828 — Soldier · Pioneer · Builder —
An Appreciation He served with distinction in the Indian wars of the old northwest border and in the War of 1812. In August, 1820, he assumed command of the Fifth United States Infantry at Camp Coldwater on the site of Fort Snelling. Selecting . . . Map (db m17240) HM
81Minnesota (Wadena County), Staples — "A Cloud of Barbed Arrows"
Near this spot, in 1783, a young Ojibwe boy named Esh-ke-bug-e-coshe (Flatmouth) crouched behind a trading post's log barricade on this wah de nah (sloping or little round hill) while Dakota arrows fell "as thick as snowflakes" around him. A . . . Map (db m93189) HM
82Missouri (St. Louis County), Florissant — St. Ferdinand III of Castileb. 1199 d. 5-30-1252
King of Spain from 1217 to 1252, he was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. He was a capable and just administrator, spreading Christianity throughout his kingdom. He drove the Moors out of most of Spain, founded monasteries, established the . . . Map (db m149381) HM
83Missouri (St. Louis County), Kirkwood — #1621St. Louis - San Francisco / Eagle Picher — 1918 —
This is a 2-10-0 decapod type freight locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works for Imperial Russia, which contracted with Baldwin in 1915 for some 1,200 locomotives. Following the Russian Revolution, and therefore the inability to deliver these . . . Map (db m132951) HM
84Montana (Blaine County), Chinook — We will stand our ground!Roaring Eagle: tipiyeléhne?iléseniń (George Comedown)
Striking on the run, the U.S. Army planned to surprise and overwhelm the Nez Perce camp. Along this ridge Nez Perce warriors fought back fiercely and stopped the cavalry charge. The surprise attack was blunted, but the Nez Perce were pinned down, . . . Map (db m142866) HM
85Montana (Chouteau County), Fort Benton — Drowning of the Governor
Thomas Francis Meagher was born in Ireland in 1823. An Irish Revolutionary, he was caught and sentenced to death. Meagher's sentence was commuted to exile in Tasmania but he escaped to the United States. As a Brigadier General, Meagher commanded the . . . Map (db m142253) HM
86Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Fort Fizzle
(Three panels, presented left to right, form this marker.) The Flight of the Nez Perce In Search of Peace In the mid-1870s the United States government attempted to force the Nez Perce (Nee-Mee-Poo or Nimiipu) people . . . Map (db m123125) HM
87Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Rankin Hall
Built in 1908 as the University Library, this neoclassical building was Architect A. J. Gibson's fifth and final contribution to campus. In 1983 it was renamed in honor of 1902 graduate, suffragette and pacifist Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973). . . . Map (db m144098) HM
88New Jersey (Burlington County), Bordentown — Point BreezeEstate of Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844) — Delaware River Heritage Trail —
The land at the confluence of Crosswicks Creek and the Delaware River was once part of a vast estate created by Joseph Bonaparte, elder brother of Napoleon. During Napoleon's brief reign as Emperor of France, Joseph was appointed King of Naples . . . Map (db m160165) HM
89New Jersey (Cumberland County), Vineland — Sgt. Dominick Pilla
Co. B. 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment U.S. Army Died in Mogadishu, Somalia Mar. 31, 1972 - Oct. 3, 1993 Rangers lead the wayMap (db m153784) WM
90New Jersey (Passaic County), Totowa — John P. Holland"Father of the Modern Submarine"
Born Liscannor, Ireland 1841 Died New Jersey, USA 1914 Designer of the U.S. Navy's first submarine USS Holand (SS 1) Dedicated Oct. 10, 1976Map (db m145902) HM
91New Mexico (Luna County), Columbus — Pancho Villa’s Raid
On March 9, 1916, Francisco “Pancho” Villa, a major figure in the Mexican Revolution, crossed the international border with a large force, attacking and looting Columbus, New Mexico. Eighteen U.S. soldiers and civilians, and . . . Map (db m37776) HM
92New York (Allegany County), Scio — Town of Scio
The area around Scio was first settled around 1805 by Joseph Knight, a minuteman in the American Revolution. Knights Creek, which flows into the Genesee River near Scio, is named for him. Before getting its final name, Scio was called Bloods Corner . . . Map (db m175123) HM
93New York (Cayuga County), Auburn — The Medal of HonorUSN, USMC, USCG, US ARMY, USAF
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States Government. It is bestowed by the President in the name of Congress and is conferred only upon members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves . . . Map (db m88220) WM
94New York (Chemung County), Elmira — Pulaski ParkBrigadier General Casimir Pulaski — 1748-1779 —
  • 1748 March 6 Count Pulaski was born in Poland
  • 1768-72 With his father, Count Joseph Pulaski led a Polish rebellion against imperial Russia
  • 1777 Came to America from Paris with Franklin's letter of introduction to General . . . Map (db m90200) HM
  • 95New York (Jefferson County), Watertown — Reactivation and Contingency Operations
    The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) was reactivated at Fort Drum on February 13, 1985. By 1988, with the support of Fort Drum's world class civilian workforce, the Division was manned, equipped, trained and certified as combat ready, As the . . . Map (db m179340) HM
    96New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — 1916 Easter Rising Memorial Marker
    We commemorate and honor the 100th anniversary of the men, women and children who gave their lives for the Republic of Ireland in the 1916 Easter RisingMap (db m93302) WM
    97New York (Monroe County), Rochester — In Honor of the Crew of USS Liberty
    In Honor of the crew of the USS Liberty - AGTR 5, in recognition of their courageous and faithful service for military action on June 8, 1967 - The following decorations were awarded - ★ Congressional Medal of Honor ★ 2 Navy crosses, 38 . . . Map (db m90788) WM
    98New York (Nassau County), East Meadow — The "Comfort Women"
    In remembrance of the more than 200,000 women and girls who were abducted for the use of sexual slavery by the armed forces of the Government of Imperial Japan, 1930's-1945. Known to the world as "comfort women", they suffered heinous crimes against . . . Map (db m106727) HM WM
    99New York (New York County), New York — Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-senFather of the Republic of China — (1866-1925) —
    Dr. Sun Yat-sen was born on November 12, 1866 to a Cantonese family in Tsuei-Heng Village, Shiangshan County, Kwangtung Province in China, under the rule of the Ching Dynasty. His early education in China, Hawaii and Hong Kong established him as a . . . Map (db m131336) HM
    100New York (New York County), New York — General José Artigas MonumentSoho Square
    The statue of the Uruguayan independence leader and national hero, General José Artigas (1764-1850), is one of a pantheon of six sculptures to Latin American leaders which overlook the Avenue of the Americas. They include Juan Pablo Duarte . . . Map (db m144420) HM

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    Oct. 18, 2021