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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Veracruz in Municipality of Veracruz, Mexico — The Gulf Coast
 

The Bastion of San Pedro

 
 
The Bastion of San Pedro Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
1. The Bastion of San Pedro Marker
Inscription.
Baluarte de San Pedro
Esta es la construcción más antigua de la fortaleza; se tiene registro de su existencia desde 1535, como una pequeña torre no más alta que un hombre. Antes de que se erigiera el muro de las argollas, los barcos que llegaban a la costa se amarraban a esta edificación conocida como "la torre vieja"; hacia 1689 se convirtió en medio baluarte. Sus bóvedas fueron hechas a "prueba de bomba" y sus muros exteriores en talud para reducir el impacto de los proyectiles.

Parte del baluarte fue rellenado para darle estabilidad a su estructura, por lo que uno de sus muros tiene un espesor de más de treinta metros. De sus aspilleras se asomaban dieciséis cañones para defender la fortaleza de los enemigos.

San Pedro está formado por una serie de bóvedas irregulares que sirvieron para almacenar la mercancía que traían o llevaban los barcos: vinos, aceites, embutidos, ganado, aves, telas, oro, plata y piedras preciosas, entre otros. También se utilizó como habitación para la tropa acuartelada.

El baluarte fungió como referencia náutica; sobre su torreón tenía una farola que fue sustituida en 1796 por un faro traido desde Inglaterra y que funcionaba por medio de una maquinaria de reloj, ofreciendo una luz intermitente para orientar a los barcos que se acercaban al puerto. A principios
The Bastion of San Pedro Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
2. The Bastion of San Pedro Marker
The marker is to the left, just inside one of the vaults of the bastion. To the right is a map of the Fort San Juan de Ulúa.
del siglo XX, la torre sirvió también como estación meteorológica del puerto de Veracruz.

English translation:
Bastion of San Pedro
This is the oldest building in the fortress: its existence has been recorded since 1535 as a small tower no higher than a man. Before the erection of the Wall of the Rings, the ships that arrived at the coast were tied to this building, then known as "the old tower". By 1689 it became a bastion. Its vaults were made to be "bomb proof" and its outer walls were sloped to reduce the impact of artillery.

Part of the bulwark was filled to give stability to the structure, and for this reason one of its walls has a thickness of more than thirty meters. From its loopholes sixteen guns provided defense for the fortress from enemies.

San Pedro is formed by a series of irregular vaults that served to store the merchandise that ships brought or carried: wines, oils, sausages, livestock, birds, cloth, gold, silver and precious stones, among other materials . It was also used as quarters for troops.

The bastion served also as a nautical reference. Its tower originally had a lamp that was replaced in 1796 by a light brought from England. This light worked by means of clock machinery, offering a flashing light to orient ships that were approaching the port. At the beginning of the 20th century, the
The Bastion of San Pedro Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
3. The Bastion of San Pedro Marker
tower also served as a meteorological station for the port of Veracruz.
 
Location. 19° 12.566′ N, 96° 7.923′ W. Marker is in Veracruz, Veracruz, in Municipality of Veracruz. Touch for map. The marker is just inside one of the vaults of Bastion San Pedro, in the southwestern corner of the Fort of San Juan de Ulúa. Marker is in this post office area: Veracruz 91700, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Patio of the Curtain or Dry Moat (a few steps from this marker); The “Curtain” of San Fernando (within shouting distance of this marker); The Wall of the Rings (within shouting distance of this marker); The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bastion of San Crispin (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Governor's House (about 90 meters away); General Miguel Barragán (about 90 meters away); Benito Juárez in Prison in San Juan de Ulúa (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Veracruz.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesMan-Made Features
 
The Bastion of San Pedro image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
4. The Bastion of San Pedro
A view of the bastion towards the south.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 10, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 10, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4. submitted on June 12, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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