“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hopkinsville in Christian County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)

The Cherokee A Civilized People

The Cherokee A Civilized People Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, July 11, 2017
1. The Cherokee A Civilized People Marker
Inscription.  The Cherokee people once occupied much of the mid-Atlantic territory of North America. During the American Revolution they sided with the British against encroaching settlers and were forced to live in the mountains of Georgia, Tennessee, and North Carolina. The Cherokees then peacefully traded with the white newcomers, learned their ways, became farmers and sometimes intermarried with them. Cherokee men used steel and iron axes, built homes of logs and brick and stone, produced corn, cotton, vegetables, and raised sheep, hogs, and cattle. The Cherokee women cooked in iron pots and copper kettles, spun and wool and used steel sewing needles for their family's clothing and household needs.

By 1800 the Cherokee had their own Christian churches, saw mills, blacksmith shops, grist mills, and schools. In 1821 Sequoyah developed a Cherokee alphabet representing all the sound in the Cherokee language, enabling his people to become the first Indian tribe with their own written language. By 1818 they printed books and published a newspaper, the Phoenix, in both Cherokee and English.

Influence by the white man's government in Washington, D. C., they established a capital in New Echota, Georgia and adopted a written constitution providing for an elected chief, a Supreme Court, a legislature, and a code of laws. the Cherokees were recognized as a nation of civilized farmers when the federal government forced them to leave their lands and move west in the 1830's.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
Location. 36° 51.19′ N, 87° 28.202′ W. Marker is in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, in Christian County. Marker is on Trail of Tears Drive. Marker is located on a wooden wall, on the path to the cemetery where two Indian Chiefs are buried. Chief Whitepath and Chief Fly Smith. M. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 Trail of Tears Dr, Hopkinsville KY 42240, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Whitepath and Fly Smith (within shouting distance of this marker); Cherokee "Trail of Tears" (within shouting distance of this marker); Trail of Tears Indian Camping Grounds (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Trail of Tears (approx. 0.3 miles away); Peace Park (approx. 1.1 miles away); First Presbyterian (approx. 1.2 miles away); Grace Episcopal Church (approx. 1.3 miles away); Hotel Latham (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hopkinsville.
Also see . . .  Cherokee People. The Cherokee first made contact with European explorers at the time of the de Soto Expedition in 1540. Although the Cherokee, along with other Native American peoples, suffered severely from newly introduced European diseases such as smallpox, they could still muster upwards of 2000 fighting men in 1750. His Majesty’s Council. Indian Books, 1750-1760. Vol. 6, February 21, 1757, p.88. S171001 (Submitted on July 17, 2017, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary


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Credits. This page was last revised on July 18, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 17, 2017, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 105 times since then and 16 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on July 17, 2017, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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