Near Rossville in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
84th Indiana Infantry
—Steedman's Division —
In this area, on September 19th 1863, the first desperate fighting for control of the vitally important rail center of Chattanooga took place.
The Eighty-fourth Indiana Regiment, memorialized by a marker on this property was part of a 60,000 man Federal force under General Rosecrans who was trying to drive General Braxton Bragg's 47,000 Confederates deep into Georgia, and set the stage for the capture of Atlanta.
On the morning of the 19th the Federal Army of the Cumberland was located in a line running south from here to Chickamauga. Ordered to move toward the Confederate forces near Chickamauga Creek they encountered heavy resistance from infantry, cavalry, and artillery; and withdrew to their camp. The Confederates then attacked in force, but the Union line held and the Eighty-fourth Indiana achieved its first success of the Chickamauga Campaign.
On Sunday morning, September 20th, the deadly battle of Chickamauga opened in earnest. General Granger, who commanded the entire reserve corps which included the 84th Indiana, found little action to his front; but he could hear the sound of the battle growing steadily stronger to the south. Leaving a small force behind, he marched his men three miles to the area of Snodgrass Hill where they immediately joined in the desperate conflict. The Union troops
There was no real victor in the Battle of Chickamauga. While the Confederates held the field at the end of the day as the Union army escaped northwest to Chattanooga, they failed to drive Rosecrans' Army from Chattanooga and win a decisive victory which might have saved the South.
By late November, 1863, Union forces had won the Battles of lookout mountain and Missionary Ridge. The Confederates retreated deep into Georgia and the way was paved for the fall of Atlanta and Sherman's March to the Sea which split the South and sealed her defeat.
Location. 34° 58.758′ N, 85° 12.749′ W. Marker is near Rossville, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is on South Mack Smith Road north of Prater Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. This tablet is located on the front grounds of the Holiday RV Travel Park, at the main entrance to the park. Marker is in this post office area: Rossville GA 30741, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named 84th Indiana Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Civil War in Tennessee General Daniel Newnan (approx. 2 miles away); Brainerd Mission (approx. 2.1 miles away in Tennessee); Old Federal Road (approx. 2.2 miles away); Dibrell's Brigade (approx. 3.2 miles away); Battery D, 1st Michigan Light Artillery (approx. 3.2 miles away); Battery I, 4th U.S. Artillery (approx. 3.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rossville.
More about this marker. Although this tablet appears to be very similar to the MT-numbered tablets in the nearby National Military Park, it is not. According to the National Military Park historian, Jim Ogden, this tablet was not produced by the government and he has no information on when it was erected or who was responsible for erecting it.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 22, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 4, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 79 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 4, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.