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Near Fort Oglethorpe in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Army of the Cumberland

Major General George H. Thomas

 
 
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
1. Army of the Cumberland Marker
Inscription.
Text on 1st Tablet (MT-442):

Army of the Cumberland.
Major General George H. Thomas.
September 20, 1863, 2 p.m., till 8 p.m.
Baird's Division, Thomas' Corps - Brigadier General Absalom Baird.
Johnson's Division, McCook's Corps - Brigadier General R.W. Johnson.
Palmer's Division, Crittenden's Corps - Major General John M. Palmer.
Reynold's Division, Thomas' Corps - Major General J.J. Reynolds.
Brannan's Division, Thomas' Corps - Brigadier General John M. Brannan.
Steedman's Division, Granger's Corps - Brigadier General James B. Steedman.
McCook's Brigade, Morgan's Division, Granger's Corps - Colonel Daniel McCook.
Barnes' Brigade, Van Cleve's Division, Thomas' Corps - Colonel S.M. Barnes.
Harker's Brigade, Wood's Division, Crittenden's Corps - Colonel Charles C. Harker.
Stanley's Brigade, Negley's Division, Thomas' Corps - Colonel T.R. Stanley - Colonel William L. Stoughton.

B

Text on 2nd Tablet (MT-443):

With these forces General Thomas held the field throughout Sunday afternoon, September 20. The cavalry, under Brigadier General Mitchell, occupied Crawfish Springs till 5 p.m., and Wilder's Mounted Infantry Brigade remained in the vicinity of Widow Glenn's until soon after 1 p.m. Of these
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
2. Army of the Cumberland Marker
A close-up view of the text on 1st tablet (MT-442).
organizations, Baird's, Johnson's and Palmer's Divisions had each three brigades: and Reynolds' and Steedman's each two. Of Brannan's Division only one with its battery, and fragments of two others without their batteries or commanders were with him on Snodgrass Hill.

General Thomas' forces were disposed as follows, beginning with the left of the line north and east of the Kelly Field: Dodge's Brigade of Johnson's Division; Barnes' Brigade of Van Cleve's Division; J.H. King's, Scribner's, and Starkweather's Brigades of Baird's Division; Berry's Brigade of Johnson's Division in the front line, with Willich's in reserve; Cruft's and Hazen's Brigades of Palmer's Division in the front line, with Grose's Brigade in reserve; Turchin's and Edward King's Brigades of Reynold's Division - Also the 10th and 74th Indiana of Croxton's Brigade. These forces brought the line to the LaFayette road south of the Kelly Field. During the afternoon Hazen's Brigade was sent to the left of Wood's line on Snodgrass Hill, and Willich's Brigade was posted to the right of Reynolds' line partially filling the space between the LaFayette road and Snodgrass Hill. The Snodgrass Hill line ran by brigades from left to right as follows: Hazen's of Palmer's Division, Harker's of Wood's Division, Stanley's of Negley's Division, parts of Croxton's and Connell's, and the whole of VanDerveer's and Brannan's
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
3. Army of the Cumberland Marker
A close-up view of the text on 2nd tablet (MT-443).
Division, and Whitaker's and Mitchell's of Steedman's Division.

B

Text on 3rd Tablet (MT-444):

With this force on Snodgrass Hill were the 21st Ohio, about 40 men of the 44th Indiana, fragments of the 58th Indiana, 79th Indiana, 13th and 19th Ohio, 9th and 17th Kentucky. Steedman's Division arrived at 2 o'clock.

McCook's Brigade, with battery I, 2nd Illinois, Captain Charles M. Barnett, was posted on the high ground south of the Cloud house.

The batteries which participated in Sunday afternoon's battle on the Kelly field line were the 4th Indiana, Lieutenant Henry Willets, of Starkweather's; 5th Indiana, Captain Peter Simonson, of Berry's; A, 1st Ohio, Captain Wilbur F. Goodspeed, of Willich's; B, 1st Ohio, Lieutenant Francis L. Russell, of Grose's; 21st Indiana, Lieutenant William E. Chess of Turchin's; 19th Indiana, Lieutenant Robert S. Lackey, of Edward King's.

After 12:30 there were only three batteries on Snodgrass Hill, namely, 18th Ohio, Captain Charles C. Aleshire, stationed on T.J. Wood's line; I, 4th U.S. artillery, Lieutenant Frank G. Smith, and M, 1st Illinois, Lieutenant Thomas Burton.

The withdrawal of the army began with Reynolds' Division at 5:30 p.m., and proceeded from that division to the left, Johnson's and Baird's Divisions leaving together. The withdrawal
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
4. Army of the Cumberland Marker
A close-up view of the text on 3rd tablet (MT-444).
of the forces from the Snodgrass Hill line began with Hazen's Brigade at 7 p.m., and proceeding from left to right, ended with Brannan's right about 7:30 p.m. Steedman's Division having withdrawn at sunset from the extreme right to the next ridge in the rear, at 7 p.m. marched thence for McFarland's Gap.

B

 
Erected 1890 by the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission. (Marker Number MT-442-44.)
 
Location. 34° 55.794′ N, 85° 16.154′ W. Marker is near Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker can be reached from Vittetoe Road west of Vittetoe-Chickamauga Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. This tablet is actually three tablets, that are located at the edge of the woods, along a key historic park trail, at the northern base of Snodgrass Hill, about 100 yards north of the Snodgrass House. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Thomas' Headquarters Shell Monument (a few steps from this marker); Battery I, 4th U.S. Artillery. (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Agony of the Wounded (about 400 feet away); a different
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
5. Army of the Cumberland Marker
View of the tablet at the northern base of Snodgrass Hill, situated at the edge of the woods, along the park trail that goes up the hill to the Snodgrass House.
marker also named Battery I, 4th U.S. Artillery. (about 400 feet away); Wood's Division (about 500 feet away); 37th Indiana Infantry (about 500 feet away); Sirwell's Brigade (about 500 feet away); 3rd Kentucky Infantry Regiment (US Volunteers) (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
 
More about this marker. In locating this tablet I used the "Chickamauga Battlefield" map, that I purchased at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Visitor Center, to determine both the marker number for this tablet and the tablet's location in relation to the rest of the park's monuments, markers, and tablets. According to the map it provides the, "numerical listing of all monuments, markers, and tablets on the Chickamauga Battlefield (using the Chick-Chatt NMP Monument Numbering System).”
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Army of the Cumberland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
6. Army of the Cumberland Marker
View of the tablet, situated at the edge of the woods, along the walking path that goes west into the woods.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 17, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 17, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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