Near Cherokee in Swain County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Cut and Run
Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Standing her in 1910 you would have seen a far different landscape than today. You might have seen the Champion Fibre Company logging the mountainside opposite you. Railroads crisscrossed the nearly cut-bare slope. Steam engine smoke clouded the view, and the screeching, clanging, and banging of timber and rail operations echoed across the hills.
Champion was just one of many companies logging these mountains. In fact, lumber companies owned 85 percent of the land that later became Great Smoky Mountains National Park; about 65 percent was actually logged. Wood from these slopes served many uses: spruce went into World War I biplanes, hemlock bark was used to tan hides, and chestnut paneled staterooms in steamships that sailed the world's oceans.
Huge chestnut, hemlock and oak trees stood tall on the mountainsides. With seemingly inexhaustible timber resources, loggers in the early 1900s held a cut-and-run attitude—quickly cutting trees so they could move to the next stand. Soil erosion and forest fires added to the devastation. Soon national park proponents decried the destruction and helped buy the lands for the new park.
Champion Fibre Company Mills,
Skid roads and railroads left their scars on the mountain slopes.
Loggers, some with families, often lived in rail-portable housing known as "set-off houses."
In the 1920s, lumber companies dominated the Smokies' landscape.
Mining - Other Commercial
Champion Fibre Co
Erected by Great Smoky Mountains National Park, National Park Services, US Department of the Interior.
Location. 35° 31.447′ N, 83° 18.292′ W. Marker is near Cherokee, North Carolina, in Swain County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 441 1½ miles north of Blue Ridge Parkway, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cherokee NC 28719, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fish Tales (within shouting distance of this marker); Mingus Mill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. ¾ mile away); Mountain Farm Museum (approx. ¾ mile away); The Meathouse (approx. 0.8 miles away); Apple House (approx. 0.8 miles away); Blacksmith Shop (approx. 0.8 miles away); Corn Cribs (approx. 0.8 miles away).
Also see . . . Great Smoky Mountains National Park. National Park Service (Submitted on August 29, 2017.)
Categories. • Environment • Horticulture & Forestry • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 29, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 28, 2017, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 50 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 28, 2017, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.