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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lebanon in Wilson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Civil War In Lebanon

Caught in the Crossfire

 
 
The Civil War In Lebanon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Karen Emerson-McPeak, August 19, 2017
1. The Civil War In Lebanon Marker
Inscription. Lebanon, because of its proximity to the Cumberland River and its position as a turnpike crossroads, was soon caught in the crossfire of the Civil War. Federal troops first appeared early in 1862. An engagement on the Lebanon Square in May between Union General Ebenezer Dumont’s command and Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry resulted in a Union victory. However, the town escaped the worst of the war. Union Gen. Alvin C. Gillem reported in August 1864: “Wilson County shows but slight signs of the war… In Lebanon everything indicates peace. The houses have never been disturbed“

A monument to Confederate soldiers, Including Gen. Robert H. Hatton, is at the town square. Hatton, who organized the 7th Tennessee Infantry, died at the Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia, in 1862. Cedar Grove Cemetery at 609 South Maple Street, contains the graves of Hatton and 152 other Confederates, including nine who died in the May 1862 engagement.

The Robert L. Caruthers House, at 241 West Main Street, was home to an important local leader who represented Tennessee in the Provisional Confederate Congress of 1861. He was elected governor of Tennessee in 1863, but was never inaugurated because of Federal occupation and the appointment of Andrew Johnson as Union military governor.

Cumberland University, at 218 South Greenwood Avenue, had its historic campus damaged by Federal troops in 1863. Late in 1864 Confederates burned it completely. Alexander P. Stewart, later a general in the Army Of Tennessee, was a professor there when the War began. He returned to teach in 1867.

Pickett’s Chapel Methodist Church is at 209 East Market Street. In 1866, recently emancipated African Americans bought the Methodist church and established their own congregation. The Rev. Calvin Pickett first minister.

(captions)
John Hunt Morgan and wife Courtesy Library of Congress
Robert H. Hatton Courtesy Tennessee State Library and Archives
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 36° 11.933′ N, 86° 16.432′ W. Marker is in Lebanon, Tennessee, in Wilson County. Marker can be reached from East Baddour Parkway. Touch for map. Located in Fiddler's Grove Historic Village In front of the General Store. Marker is at or near this postal address: James E Ward Center Road, Lebanon TN 37087, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. James E. Ward (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cartmell Cabin (approx. 0.2 miles away); Thompson-Partlow Cabin and Smokehouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lebanon Post Office (approx. 1.1 miles away); Wilson County Courthouses (approx. 1.1 miles away); Confederate Veterans and Robert H. Hatton Memorial (approx. 1.1 miles away); Battle of Lebanon (approx. 1.2 miles away); Lebanon (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lebanon.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 4, 2017, by Karen Emerson-McPeak of Triune, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 60 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on September 4, 2017, by Karen Emerson-McPeak of Triune, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A wide view photo of the marker and the surrounding area together in context. • Can you help?
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