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Arkansas Post National Memorial in Arkansas County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

The Colbert Raid

April 17, 1783

 

Arkansas Post in the American Revolution

 
The Colbert Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
1. The Colbert Raid Marker
Inscription.
During the American Revolution, Arkansas Post belonged to the Spanish, allies of the American patriots. In 1783, British partisans led by James Colbert raided the Spanish village and fort here. It was one of the last engagements of the war, and the only one in Arkansas.

Opposing Forces

The Fort
About 40 Spanish soldiers, in addition to a number of Quapaw Indians, under Capt. Jacobo Dubreuil. These were allies of the American patriots.
The Raiders
About 52 British partisans, including Chickasaw Indians and blacks, under James Logan Colbert, who claimed to be an officer in the British Army.

Early Morning Raid Before moving against the fort, Colbert and his British partisans raided nearby farms and homes, taking seven families hostage.

[2nd Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: Stockade timbers of Fort Carlos III were split red oak. Bullets could penetrate no more than an inch. The palisade in front of you is a scale replica of a corner of the fort.
Bottom right: No Surrender After six hours of futile attack, Colbert sent a hostage, Doa de Villars, to the fort with a note demanding surrender. Captain Dubreuil refused.

[3rd Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: Fort Carlos III (named after the Spanish monarch) stood several hundred feet in front of you on ground later washed away by the Arkansas River. Today the area is flooded by Post Bend, a lake occupying a former river channel.
Bottom right: Counterattack Under Captain Dubreuil's
The Colbert Raid Marker (2nd Marker) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
2. The Colbert Raid Marker (2nd Marker)
orders, Sergeant Pastor and thirteen men threw open the gate of the fort, gave the war whoop, and charged the raiders Colbert's partisans fell back.

[4th Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: The replica Spanish 8-pounder cannon to your right resembles those used at Fort Carlos III.
Bottom right: Withdrawal Colbert's men fled downstream, taking the hostages with them.

The National Park Service wishes
to thank the Arkansas Society of the
Daughters of the American Revolution
for their sponsorship of these exhibits
and historic replicas.
 
Erected by National Park Service, Department of Interior.
 
Location. 34° 1.026′ N, 91° 20.692′ W. Marker is in Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas, in Arkansas County. Marker can be reached from Old Post Road 0.8 miles south of State Route 169. Touch for map. Located just east of the visitors center along the walking trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1741 Old Post Road, Gillett AR 72055, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Edge of Empires (here, next to this marker); The Arkansas Posts (within shouting distance of this marker); First Post of Arkansas (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Post of Arkansas (about 600 feet away); American Townsite (about 700 feet away); The European Settlement (about 700 feet away); Stone from Ruins of Old Bank (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Post under Spain (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Arkansas Post National Memorial.
 
Also see . . .
The Colbert Raid Marker (3rd marker) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
3. The Colbert Raid Marker (3rd marker)

1. Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture article on the Colbert Raid. (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. National Park Service Special History Report on the Colbert Raid (pdf). (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
3. Wikipedia article on the Battle of Arkansas Post (1783) (aka Colbert's Raid). (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US RevolutionaryWaterways & Vessels
 
The Colbert Raid Marker (4th marker) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
4. The Colbert Raid Marker (4th marker)
The Colbert Raid Markers (4 markers on right side) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
5. The Colbert Raid Markers (4 markers on right side)
Depicts the sortie by Spanish troops during the Colbert Raid. image. Click for full size.
By Public Domain (NPS)
6. Depicts the sortie by Spanish troops during the Colbert Raid.
Background shows Fort Carlos and Spanish troops. Foreground shows British partisans entrenched.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 18, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 73 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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