Sullivan's Island in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
7-inch Triple-Banded Brooke
10-inch Parrott Rifle
8-inch Parrott Rifle
10-inch Confederate Columbiad
*While fourteen 10-inch Columbiads remain,this cannon is the only one with this unique modification.
Fort Sumter National Monument has one of the greatest collections of seacoast or siege Civil War artillery in the country. Representing some of the rarest cannon in the world, this collection illustrates the expanding
Some of the cannon in front of you were used during the Civil War near where you stand today. Others were brought to Sullivan's Island after the war to rebuild Charleston Harbor's defenses. All were produced before or during the Civil War by Union (US Army) or the Confederacy (CS Army).
The Civil War Era represents a period when radical advances in cannon technology increased power, range, and accuracy. Brigadier General Thomas Rodman's process for hollow casting cannon allowed for larger cannon and bigger powder charges. Mr. Robert P. Parrott's rifled cannon, among others, provided greater range and accuracy. With few foundaries, the Confederacy was forced to use existing weapons, often "rifling and banding" older smoothbore cannon to increase firepower and range. The cannon in front of you represent some of the best examples of cannon produced and modified using these processes.
Banding a cannon increased its firepower. A band of wrought iron, expanded by heat, was slipped over the cast iron barrel. The band cooled, shrinking tightly in place, strengthening the breech to withstand the pressure of a greater
Rifling (cutting spiral grooves in a weapon's bore) gave a stabilizing spin to a projectile. Rifled cannon had greater range than smoothbores of similar size, and their new projectiles were usually more accurate and destructive than the old, round shot and shell.
Erected by National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 32° 45.537′ N, 79° 51.421′ W. Marker is in Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is at the intersection of Poe Avenue and Palmetto Street, on the left when traveling west on Poe Avenue. Touch for map. This marker is located along a park walkway, at the western end of a line artillery pieces. Marker is in this post office area: Sullivans Island SC 29482, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Armament (was here, next to this marker but has been reported permanently removed. ); Civil War Defense of Sullivan's Island (here, next to this marker); 13-Inch Seacoast Mortar (a few steps from this marker); 10-Inch Confederate Columbiad (a few steps from this marker); H.L. Hunley Disappears (a few steps from this marker); Discovering the Hunley (a few steps from this marker); The Hunley Recovery Project (a few steps from this marker); 10-Inch Columbiad (Rodman) (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sullivan's Island.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 20, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 20, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 96 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 20, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.