“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vienna in Innenstadt, Wien, Austria

Feng Shan Ho


Feng Shan Ho Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 16, 2017
1. Feng Shan Ho Marker
Inscription. Von diesem Gebäude aus rettete Dr. Feng Shan Ho, Chinas Generalkonsul zu Wien, in den Jahren 1938 und 1939 nach dem Anschluss und der sogenannten Reichskristallnacht tausende Juden. Sich den Befehlen seiner Vorgesetzten widersetzend stellte er Visa nach Shanghai aus, um Juden vor der Ermordung durch die zu bewahren. Für sein außerordentlich mutiges Handeln wurde er im Jahr 2000 durch den Staat Israel posthüm als GERECHTER UNTER DEN VÖLKERN geehrt.


一九三八及一九三九 年時任中國駐維也納 總領事何鳳山博士於 德奧合併與水晶之夜 等反猶太迫害暴行之 後於此榫拯教數千餘 一名猶太人何鳳山傅士 ·抗命給予猶太難民簽 州發前拄上海簽證援助 一彼等逃離納件死亡魔

Feng Shan Ho Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 16, 2017
2. Feng Shan Ho Marker - Wide View
The marker is visible here, a little to the left of the hood of the van.
萬必善舉發揮無比, 彭楓

表.現一非凡人道. 際一無義人!去, 乃以色刊國朴二零零零年 追授何鳳山博士榮譽稱號

From this building in 1938 and 1939, Dr. Feng Shan Ho, China's Consul General to Vienna, saved thousands of lives after the Anschluss and the Kristallnacht pogrom. Defying direct orders, he issued visas to Shanghai to help Jews escape certain death at the hands of the Nazis. For acting with humanitarian courage at a time when others would not, he was posthumously designated a RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS by the State of Israel in 2000.
Erected 2015.
Location. 48° 12.125′ N, 16° 22.597′ E. Marker is in Vienna, Wien, in Innenstadt. Marker is at the intersection of Kantgasse and Beethovenplatz, on the left when traveling north on Kantgasse. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vienna, Wien 1010, Austria.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Erwin Schrödinger (within shouting distance of this marker); Lise Meitner

何鳳山 (Feng Shan Ho) image. Click for full size.
Copy by 楊家駱 via Wikipedia Commons
3. 何鳳山 (Feng Shan Ho)
(within shouting distance of this marker); Franz Schubert (within shouting distance of this marker); Die "Grosse Strasse" / The "Great Road" (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Palais Erzherzog Ludwig Viktor / Palace of Archduke Ludwig Viktor (about 150 meters away); Gustav Mahler (about 150 meters away); Leonard Bernstein (about 150 meters away); Professor Friedrich Hacker (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vienna.
More about this marker. The marker is mounted to the back side of the Ritz Carlton Hotel, facing Beethovenplatz.

The Anschluss was Germany's annexation of Austria in March, 1938, with the significance for Austrian Jews being that they were now subject to persecution by the Nazi Regime. The Kristallnacht pogrom was an act of state-sponsored terrorism directed at Jews that took place on November 9-10, 1938, with Jews, their businesses and synagogues violently attacked. In Vienna alone, some 95 synagogues were destroyed that night.
Also see . . .
1. Ho Feng Shan: The ‘Chinese Schindler’ who saved thousands of Jews. 2015 CNN article by Wayne Chang. “When the Nazis confiscated the premises that housed the [Chinese] embassy because it was owned by a Jew, Ho opened a new office with his own money to continue the rescue. ‘It was totally in character,’ says Manli Ho, daughter of the late diplomat, who has been researching her father's story for some ten years. ‘That is the kind of person he was—very principled, straightforward, and has integrity.’” (Submitted on October 1, 2017.) 

2. The International Righteous Person Ho Fengshan (YouTube, CCTV English, 6 mins.).
(Submitted on October 1, 2017.) 

3. Feng Shan Ho—ROC Diplomat. Another six minute video:
(Submitted on November 4, 2017.) 
Additional keywords. Holocaust
Categories. War, World II
Credits. This page was last revised on November 5, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 1, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 163 times since then and 35 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week November 5, 2017. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 1, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.   3. submitted on November 4, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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