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Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Pierre Charles L’Enfant

 
 
Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 24, 2008
1. Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker
Inscription.
Revolutionary Soldier, 1775-1783
Pierre Charles L’Enfant
Engineer, Artist, Soldier
under the direction of George Washington, designed the plan for the Federal City
Major US Engineer Corps 1782
Charter member of the Society of the Cincinnati, designed its certificate & insignia
Born in Paris France, August 2, 1755
Died June 14, 1825, while residing at Chilham Castle Manor, Prince George's Co., Maryland and was interred there
Re interred at Arlington April 28, 1909

L’Enfant designed a city responsive to the aspirations of a nation which looked to the future. He envisioned the Nation’s capital as a living and permanent symbol of the United States.

Public contributions to his adopted country:
1787 · Designed insignia of Society of Cincinnati
1788 · Designed pavilion for celebration of the "Federal Procession" in New York City, 1789
1788-89 · Remodelled New York City Hall into Federal Hall for use by the first Federal Congress
1791-92 · Designed the City of Washington

Son oeuvre aux Etats-Unis:
1783 Dessina l’insigne de l’Ordre des Cincinnati
1788 Réalisa le pavillon pour le “Défilé Federal” de 1789, à New York
1788-89 Transforma l’Hôtel de Ville de New York en bâtiment fédéral à l’occasion de la reunión
The grave of Pierre Charles L'Enfant image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 30, 2008
2. The grave of Pierre Charles L'Enfant
It is on the lawn a few feet east of the marker. Carved within a circle on the stone tablet atop the monument is a portion of L’Enfant’s map of the city of Washington followed by these words: “Pierre Charles L’Enfant, Engineer, Artist, Soldier. Under the direction of George Washington designed the plan for the federal city. Major, U.S. Engineering Corps, 1782; charter member of the Society of The Cincinnati; designed its certificate & insignia. Born in Paris, France, August 2, 1735; died June 14, 125 while residing at Chilham Castle Manor, Prince George’s County, Maryland, and was interred there. Re-interred at Arlington, April 28, 1909.”
du noveau Congrés Fédéral
1791-92 Dessina le plan de la Ville de Washington

"Plan of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia, ceded by the States of Virginia and Maryland to the United States of America and by them established as the seat of their government after the year of MDCCC"

Observations explanatory of the Plan...
[map/diagram]

Insignia:
National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution
Sons of the American Revolution
The Society of the Cincinnati
 
Erected by National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and The American Society of Le Souvenir Francais.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution marker series.
 
Location. 38° 52.866′ N, 77° 4.343′ W. Marker is in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, in Arlington County. Marker can be reached from Lee Drive. Touch for map. Marker is near the main entrance to Arlington House (the Robert E. Lee National Memorial) which is accessible for pedestrians 0.15 miles northeast of Sheridan Drive on the grounds of the Arlington National Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Myer VA 22211, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking
Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 29, 2013
3. Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker
distance of this marker. Arlington Estate, 1860 (a few steps from this marker); Arlington House, 1864 (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); Garden to Graves (within shouting distance of this marker); Guardian of a Nation's Heritage (within shouting distance of this marker); A Garden Sustains (within shouting distance of this marker); The Kingdom of My Childhood (within shouting distance of this marker); Dependence on Slave Labor (within shouting distance of this marker); The Arlington Woodlands (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Arlington National Cemetery.
 
Additional comments.
1. Attribution of Plan in marker
The right side of this marker illustrates a "Plan of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia ...". Note that, while L'Enfant drew his original plan for the City of Washington in 1791, the plan shown on the marker is that drawn by Andrew Ellicott in 1792.

Note the upper right corner of the marker contains the plan's legend. The text in the image below a horizontal line near the bottom of the legend, too small to read in the image, attributes the image as: "Engrav'd by Thackera & Vallance Phila. 1792".

The Library of Congress has attributed this
Society of the Cincinnati Insignia image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 29, 2013
4. Society of the Cincinnati Insignia
The insignia of the Society of the Cincinnati was designed by L'Enfant, a charter member.
Close-up of image on marker
plan to both Andrew Ellicott (1754-1820) and Thackera & Vallance. (See: https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3850.ct004180/).
    — Submitted October 23, 2017, by Bernard H. Berne of Arlington, Virginia.

 
Additional keywords. Arlington National Cemetery
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesMan-Made FeaturesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Pierre Charles L'Enfant Monument image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 29, 2013
5. Pierre Charles L'Enfant Monument
Pierre Charles L’Enfant's Monument image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 11, 2017
6. Pierre Charles L’Enfant's Monument
In front of the Custis-Lee Mansion.
Revolutionary Soldier<br>1775 - 1783 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 11, 2017
7. Revolutionary Soldier
1775 - 1783
Placed by
The National Society
Daughters American Revolution
L’Enfant's Plan of the City of Washington image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 11, 2017
8. L’Enfant's Plan of the City of Washington
as depicted on the monument
View eastward toward Washington, D.C., from the L'Enfant marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 24, 2008
9. View eastward toward Washington, D.C., from the L'Enfant marker
Note President John F. Kennedy's gravesite at the bottom of the hill.
Original Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker image. Click for more information.
By Herbert A. French, circa 1926
10. Original Pierre Charles L'Enfant Marker
Note this marker replicates the top of L'Enfant's grave marker, seen in the next picture. This photograph, taken circa 1926-1927, was a gift from Herbert A. French to the Library of Congress.
Click for more information.
Pierre Charles L'Enfant Grave Marker image. Click for more information.
By Herbert A. French, circa 1926
11. Pierre Charles L'Enfant Grave Marker
This photograph, taken circa 1926-1927, was a gift from Herbert A. French to the Library of Congress.
Click for more information.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 9, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 1, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,420 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 1, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4, 5. submitted on November 30, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   6, 7, 8. submitted on January 8, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   9. submitted on September 1, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   10, 11. submitted on October 23, 2017, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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