Lewiston in Nez Perce County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
Dwellings by the River
By the time members of the Lewis & Clark Expedition reached the Snake River, their night-time shelter consisted of buffalo robes and other skins. They left St. Louis with tents of oiled canvas, but by the summer of 1805, those had rotted away due to rain, wind, and sun. Sometimes, sleeping under the stars was dandy, but not when they crossed the Bitterroot Mountains where they were forced to endure frequent rains and snows.
People under the Tule
The Nimi’ipuu were known by tribes to the south as “people under the tule” as their primary dwelling was covered with sewn mats of tule reed. These structures, called Long Lodges, could house up to 30 families and be over 150 feet in length. For summer trips the Nimi’ipuu built temporary lean-to lodges with lodgepole pine and tule mats as shown in this photo.
When gold was discovered up the Clearwater River, merchants set up a supply center in Lewiston. This tent city became the capital of Idaho Territory in 1863. Because this land was part of the Nez Perce Reservation, assurance were given by the U.S. Government that no permanent structures would be built – a promise that was soon forgotten.
Erected by Idaho Governor's Lewis & Clark
Marker series. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series.
Location. 46° 24.703′ N, 117° 1.996′ W. Marker is in Lewiston, Idaho, in Nez Perce County. Marker is on Snake River Avenue 0.4 miles south of U.S. 12, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located along the walking trail in Lewiston's Kiwanis Park. Marker is in this post office area: Lewiston ID 83501, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Exploring on the River (a few steps from this marker); Fishing in the River (within shouting distance of this marker); Traveling on the River (within shouting distance of this marker); Writings on the River (within shouting distance of this marker); A Confluence of Rivers & Steam (approx. 0.4 miles away); A Man and His Island Dream (approx. 0.4 miles away); Idaho's First Capitol (approx. 0.9 miles away); Lewis and Clark (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lewiston.
Also see . . .
1. What the Homes Looked Like.
The Nez Perce used two different kinds of homes, one the wigwams or longhouses, that were more permanent residences and second, teepees that served as homes in the hunting grounds and were more easily taken down and moved. The longhouses (Submitted on November 25, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Tent city of Lewiston became the capital. 1863: Idaho City’s population is 6,200, surpassing Portland as the largest city in the Northwest. Latecomers, finding all the good ground taken, fan out in all directions. One party finds gold along Jordan Creek in the Owyhee Mountains. There, Silver City becomes a boomtown.
1863: Creation of the Idaho Territory, and the tent city of Lewiston became the capital. (Submitted on November 25, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 25, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 63 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 25, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.