“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Third Division

Eleventh Corps


—Army of the Potomac —

Third Division Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
1. Third Division Tablet
Note the crescent moon symbol of XI Corps at the top of the monument.
Army of the Potomac
Eleventh Corps
Third Division

Major General Carl Schurz

First Brigade Brig. Gen. Alex Schimmelfennig, Col. George von Amsberg
Second Brigade Col. W. Krzyzanowski

July 1 Arrived about noon and advanced to connect with the right of First Corps. The First Division on the right but was repulsed by a strong artillery and infantry fire from Rodes's Division Ewell's Corps. Engaged until past 4 p.m. and then retreated through the town to Cemetery Hill bringing up the rear of the Corps and took position behind stone walls with the First Division on right and Second on the left. Skirmishers in houses 300 to 500 yards in front.

July 2 In position in two lines behind stone walls of the Cemetery. At 7 p.m. the First Brigade was sent to support the First Division on the right. One regiment remained there four regiments went further to the right and assisted in repelling at 9 p.m. an attack made through the woods on First Corps. Between 8 and 9 p.m. an attack on East Cemetery Hill was made by Hays's Louisiana Brigade and a detachment from the Second Brigade was hastened to the point of attack and after a short and vigorous hand to hand conflict the attack was repulsed.

July 3 Not engaged except skirmishing.

July 4 Detachments from the Division entered town and captured
Third Division Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
2. Third Division Tablet
over 300 Confederates left on the retreat of their forces.

Casualties killed 20 officers 113 men - wounded 56 officers 628 men - captured or missing 33 officers 626 men - Total 1476
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Location. 39° 50.46′ N, 77° 14.062′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Howard Avenue 0.1 miles east of Mummasburg Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 74th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 45th New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); First Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 61st Ohio Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery I, First Ohio Light Artillery (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association (about 400 feet away); Artillery Brigade (about 500 feet away); 157th Regiment New York Volunteers (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . .  Carl Schurz.
Schurz Division Deploys image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
3. Schurz Division Deploys
Looking to the east of Howard Avenue across what is today athletic fields. Schimmelfennig's Brigade first deployed in the open ground here before fanning out between the Mummasburg and Carlisle Roads. Kryzanowski's Brigade followed them, deploying along the east side of Carlisle Road.
Revolutionary, political leader, and general. Schurz was a confidant of Abraham Lincoln during the war. He, and his close friend Joseph Pulitzer, opposed Ulysses Grant after the war. Retiring from politics, Schurz spent the later part of his life a writer and managing editor for several major newspapers. (Submitted on September 6, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Carl Schurz image. Click for full size.
4. Carl Schurz
In his colorful life, Schurz was politically active from start to finish. He once said, "My country, right or wrong; if right, to be kept right; and if wrong, to be set right."

[From the Library of Congress Collection]
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 6, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 783 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 6, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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