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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
City of Westminster in Greater London County, England, United Kingdom
 

The Burghers of Calais

 
 
The Burghers of Calais Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 13, 2017
1. The Burghers of Calais Marker
Inscription.
These figures known as
The Burghers of Calais
commemorate six citizens of that town
who offered themselves
as hostages to Edward III
after he had vainly besieged their town
for nearly a year in 1317.
The story goes that their lives were spared
on the intercession of Edward's queen
Philippa of Hainault.
 
Location. 51° 29.846′ N, 0° 7.494′ W. Marker is in City of Westminster, England, in Greater London County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Millbank and Great College Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Millbank, City of Westminster, England SW1P 3LX, United Kingdom.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sir Thomas Peirson Frank (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Jewel Tower (about 150 meters away); The Buxton Memorial (about 150 meters away); Sir John Gielgud (about 180 meters away); Lord Reith (about 180 meters away); W.T. Stead (about 210 meters away); T.E. Lawrence (about 210 meters away); Trial of William Wallace (about 240 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in City of Westminster.
 
More about this marker. The marker and sculpture are located in the northern section of Victoria
The Burghers of Calais Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 13, 2017
2. The Burghers of Calais Marker - Wide View
The marker is visible here in the foreground, the Houses of Parliament in the background, and the Burghers of Calais is between them.
Tower Gardens South, and are easily visible once within the park.
 
Regarding The Burghers of Calais. There are twelve original castings of this sculpture. The initial, cast in 1895, stands in Calais. This version was cast in 1908 and unveiled on July 19, 1915.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Burghers of Calais (Wikipedia). "In 1346, England's Edward III, after a victory in the Battle of Crécy, laid siege to Calais, while Philip VI of France ordered the city to hold out at all costs. Philip failed to lift the siege, and starvation eventually forced the city to parley for surrender....Medieval writer Jean Froissart (and only he) tells the story of what happened next: Edward offered to spare the people of the city if six of its top leaders would surrender themselves to him, presumably to be executed. Edward demanded that they walk out wearing nooses around their necks, and carrying the keys to the city and castle. One of the wealthiest of the town leaders, Eustache de Saint Pierre, volunteered first, and five other burghers joined with him. Saint Pierre led this envoy of volunteers to the city gates. It was this moment, and this poignant mix of defeat, heroic self-sacrifice, and willingness to face imminent death that Rodin captured in his sculpture, scaled somewhat larger than life....Although
<i>The Burghers of Calais</i> by Auguste Rodin image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 13, 2017
3. The Burghers of Calais by Auguste Rodin
"Les Bourgeois de Calais is one of the most famous sculptures by Auguste Rodin. It commemorates an occurrence during the Hundred Years' War, when Calais, an important French port on the English Channel, was under siege by the English for over a year. Calais commissioned Rodin to create the sculpture in 1884, and the work was completed in 1889." - Wikipedia
the burghers expected to be executed, their lives were spared by the intervention of England's queen, Philippa of Hainault, who persuaded her husband to exercise mercy by claiming that their deaths would be a bad omen for her unborn child. (Her son, Thomas of Windsor, only lived for one year.)" (Submitted on December 13, 2017.) 

2. Rodin Works: The Burghers of Calais (Rodin-web). (Submitted on December 13, 2017.)
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicWars, Non-US
 
<i>Queen Philippa interceding for the lives of the burgesses of Calais, 1347 </i> image. Click for full size.
Engraved by John Sartain (1861) after a painting by H.C. Selous (1847), 1347
4. Queen Philippa interceding for the lives of the burgesses of Calais, 1347
"Print shows Philippa, Queen, consort of Edward III, kneeling before her husband, King Edward III, begging him to spare the lives of the six burghers of Calais who have sacrificed themselves by complying with his demands, so that the citizens of Calais may be spared the English siege of the city. It is a lavish scene filled with members of the King's court, a bishop, the Queen's ladies in waiting, the condemned burghers, and a man with an ax on the lower left who is possibly the executioner...." - Library of Congress
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 13, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 45 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 13, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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