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Puebla in Municipality of Puebla, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937

 
 
Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 1, 2017
1. Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico Marker
Inscription.
Nacionalización de los ferrocarriles en México – 1937
Como parte de la política desarrollo económico del país que impulsó el gobierno del presidente Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940) se consideró fundamental culminar la obra de integración geográfica del país, mediante vías férreas que comunicaran las regiones que tradicionalmente habían permanecido aisladas. Fue entonces que comenzó la construcción de las líneas Caltzontzin-Apatzingán, Sonora-Baja California y Allende-Campeche, las dos últimas inauguradas en 1948 y 1950, respectivamente.

Otra medida que buscó fortalecer este ramo se dio a partir del acuerdo firmado el 7 de abril de 1936 por Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Obras Públicas mediante su Departamento de Ferrocarriles y Vías Terrestres en el que se planteó que éste se hiciera cargo de la construcción de líneas ferroviarias.

Aunado a esto, el gobierno, que era accionista mayoritario de la Empresa Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (el resto pertenecía a inversionistas extranjeros), se vio obligado a implementar medidas para remediar la situación de quiebra y deterioro creciente del sistema ferroviario. Para lograrlo se pensó en expropiar la empresa, argumentando utilidad pública y beneficio de la Nación. El acuerdo expropiatorio contempló la creación de un organismo de Estado, con autonomía patrimonial,
Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937 Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 1, 2017
2. Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937 Marker
The marker is on the west side of Engine 40, to the left of the steps that lead up to the engine. Further to the left is the "A National Railroad Network" marker.
que se encargara de manejar el sistema ferroviario expropiado, así como las líneas construidas o en construcción que fuesen propiedad de empresas semioficiales. Este fue el antecedente para crear el Departamento Autónomo de Ferrocarriles.

El 29 de junio de 1937, tras amplio debate, la Cámara de Senadores apoyó la expropiación ferroviaria, gracias a la cual el Estado logró consolidar su papel como activo participante en las actividades productivas del país.

English translation:
Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937
As part of the economic development policy for the nation that was promoted by the government of President Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940), it was considered essential to complete the work of geographical integration of the country, through railways that communicated with the regions that had traditionally been more isolated. It was then that the construction of the Caltzontzin-Apatzingán, Sonora-Baja California and Allende-Campeche lines began, the last two inaugurated in 1948 and 1950, respectively.

Another measure that sought to strengthen this work was of the agreement signed on April 7, 1936 by the Ministry of Communications and Public Works through its Department of Railways and Highways, in which it was proposed that it take over the construction of railway lines.

Added to this, the government, which
Close-up of photo on the Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937 Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, December 1, 2017
3. Close-up of photo on the Nationalization of the Railroads of Mexico - 1937 Marker
The text on the photo is hard to read, but includes "Sr...Contreras MM... Mayordomo de C.R. y personal...año nuevo 1937"
was a majority shareholder of the Mexican National Railroad Company (Empresa Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México) (the rest belonged to foreign investors), was forced to implement measures to remedy the bankruptcy threat and the growing deterioration of the railway system. To achieve this, it was thought best to nationalize the company, arguing for the public utility and benefit of the nation. The expropriation agreement contemplated the creation of a State agency, with patrimonial autonomy, that would be in charge of managing the nationalized railroad system, as well as any lines built or under construction that were owned by semi-official companies. This was the antecedent used to create the Autonomous Department of Railroads.

On June 29, 1937, after extensive debate, the Chamber of Senators supported the expropriation of railroads, thanks to which the State managed to consolidate its role as an active participant in the productive activities of the country.
 
Location. 19° 3.194′ N, 98° 12.248′ W. Marker is in Puebla, Puebla, in Municipality of Puebla. Marker can be reached from Calle 11 Norte just south of Avenida 14 Poniente, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. The marker is on the grounds of the Mexican National Railroad Museum, just west past the first row of engines and cars after the entrance and opposite Engine 40. Marker is in this post office area: Puebla 72090, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A National Railroad Network (here, next to this marker); Engine 601 (a few steps from this marker); Steam Locomotive NM-601 (a few steps from this marker); The Hero of Nacozari (a few steps from this marker); From Steam to Diesel (within shouting distance of this marker); Railroads in the Mexican Revolution (within shouting distance of this marker); Diesel-Electric Locomotives DH-19 and DH-17 (within shouting distance of this marker); Mail Car NM 2555 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Puebla.
 
Categories. Industry & CommercePoliticsRailroads & Streetcars
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 13, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 69 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 13, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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