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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pendleton in Umatilla County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

Aura Goodwin Raley

“Mother of Pendleton”

 

—August 23, 1829 - July 21, 1913 —

 
Aura Goodwin Raley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 30, 2017
1. Aura Goodwin Raley Marker
Inscription. Aura Morse Goodwin Raley was born in Kennebec County, Maine. At age 15 she move to Wisconsin, and in 1846 she married Moses Goodwin. In 1853 the couple joined a wagon train to Oregon, where they settled north of Vancouver, Washington. In 1864 the Goodwin's decided to relocate to the Boise mining district. Upon arrival at what is now Pendleton, they decided to take up a land-donation claim and traded Abe Miller a span of mules for the claim. They built the first house in Pendleton (located in the 100 block of South Main.)
The Goodwin's opened a stage station and hotel at their house on Main Street and built a toll bridge across the Umatilla River. Due to the large number of cats they kept, the station was often referred to as Goodwin's Cat Station. When the town of Pendleton was formed, they donated 2 1/2 acres for the original town plat. They also donated land for use as a cemetery (Pioneer Park), a County Courthouse block (located on Main Street at the time) and a city block for a future college (the current Courthouse block). Aura and Moses had three children; one died in infancy, and one was murdered while taking horses to a sale. Moses died suddenly in 1871, and a year later, Aura married Henry J. Raley. He became the manager of the Goodwin Hotel. Henry and Aura had one child, Cosbie. Mr. Raley died in 1876 at the age of 40.
Aura Goodwin Raley Statue image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 30, 2017
2. Aura Goodwin Raley Statue
Marker behind the statue

Aura Raley owned a large portion of early Pendleton and with her daughter Cosbie, developed and sold off lots for residential and commercial purposes. She live in Pendleton the rest of her life and was an integral part of its growth and development for it first 50 years. NW Aura Avenue is named for her.
 
Erected by Pendleton Bronze Trail.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Oregon Trail marker series.
 
Location. 45° 40.27′ N, 118° 47.186′ W. Marker is in Pendleton, Oregon, in Umatilla County. Marker is on South Main Street near Southeast Dorion Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 348 South Main Street, Pendleton OR 97801, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Temple-Martin Building (here, next to this marker); Columbia Hotel (a few steps from this marker); Frazier Building (a few steps from this marker); Griggs & Tryon Bldg (within shouting distance of this marker); Rivoli Theater (within shouting distance of this marker); Empire Meat Market (within shouting
Aura Goodwin Raley image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer
3. Aura Goodwin Raley
distance of this marker); Hendricks Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Masonic Hall Building (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pendleton.
 
Also see . . .  Aura (Morse) Raley -- Ancestry. She has seen two Indian wars and well knows the meaning of the privations and hardships of frontier life, and highly deserves the comfortable circumstances in which she is placed. She has lived in Pendleton for more than half a century, has long witnessed the growth and development of this part of the state and has a wide circle of acquaintances and host of friends among the older settlers as well as among those who have arrived at a later date. (Submitted on December 17, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWomen
 
Madam Stella Darby image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 30, 2017
4. Madam Stella Darby
of the Cozy Rooms
1928 - 1967
(opposite the Aura Goodwin Raley statue)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 23, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 17, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 78 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 17, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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