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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Tactical Terrain

 
 
Tactical Terrain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., August 23, 2017
1. Tactical Terrain Marker
Inscription. This rising ground, called Fall Hill, anchored an extensive line of Confederate earthworks. In addition to this trench, there were supporting artillery lunettes on tip of the hill and similar pits to the left and right. These various fortified positions were connected by interlocking fields of fire, to halt an assaulting force advancing up Fall Hill. The avenue of attack would have been p the ravines, where the terrain provided a level of protection.

Confederates manned these earthworks during the December 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg and endured intense artillery fire from across the river. On May 3, 1863, during the Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Federal troops occupied these trenches, and were supported by the artillery in position across the river. The next day, May 4, Confederates advanced up the ravine on the opposite side of this road, which forced the Union troops here to withdraw.

There are two maps pictured on the marker. The map on the left is captioned, "This trench was a component of a larger network of earthworks that included artillery positions as well as these rifle pits. Surviving earthworks are shown in red; lost earthworks are in green."

The map on the right is captioned, "Confederate earthworks extended across a range of hills behind the town of Fredericksburg, creating a line that
Closeup of map on the Tactical Terrain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., August 23, 2017
2. Closeup of map on the Tactical Terrain Marker
was nearly seven miles in length. This hill comprised its north end, at the Rappahannock River."
 
Location. 38° 18.939′ N, 77° 29.391′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is on Fall Hill Avenue just west of Forrest Village Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fall Hill Road (here, next to this marker); A Once Promising Canal Becomes a Raceway (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate Defenses in December 1862 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate and Federal Defenses in May 1863 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rappahannock River Heritage Trail (approx. mile away); Embrey Dam (approx. 0.4 miles away); Falls of the Rappahannock River (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Rappahannock River Runs Free Once More (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Closeup of map on the Tactical Terrain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., August 23, 2017
3. Closeup of map on the Tactical Terrain Marker
Closeup of picture on the Tactical Terrain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., August 23, 2017
4. Closeup of picture on the Tactical Terrain Marker
This sketch by Civil War artist Alfred Waud shows a section of rifle pits, with supporting artillery nearby. In this location, the supporting artillery was farther up the hill, where it could fire over the heads of the infantry in these works.
Closeup of picture on the Tactical Terrain Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., August 23, 2017
5. Closeup of picture on the Tactical Terrain Marker
This 1864 photo shows rifle pits in use during an active campaign. These types of entrenchments were not elaborate.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 31, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 31, 2017, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 83 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 31, 2017, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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