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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oak Ridge in Anderson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

ORINS / ORAU

Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies / Oak Ridge Associated Universities

 
 
ORINS / ORAU Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 30, 2017
1. ORINS / ORAU Marker
Inscription. In 1946, 14 southern universities formed the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies (ORINS) – the first peacetime institution of this Secret City – to help faculty and students benefit from the outstanding research staff and facilities of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). William G. Pollard, professor of physics at the University of Tennessee and ex-Manhattan Project theoretician at Columbia University, was instrumental in founding ORINS and became its first executive director. Because it was created soon after the war, ORINS was able to secure a large place for southern universities at ORNL. Programs were instituted for faculty and students to conduct research in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and materials science. In 1948, ORINS initiated courses on radioactive isotopes tracer techniques that allowed researchers to safely use these powerful tools for medical and industrial applications. These programs grew and became known for their excellence. ORINSí pioneering work in nuclear medicine also led to the development of techniques and treatments that benefited the lives of millions of cancer patients throughout the world. In 1966, in recognition of the importance of emerging new work in non-nuclear fields, the ORINS name was changed to Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU),. ORAUís sponsoring members have
ORINS / ORAU Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 30, 2017
2. ORINS / ORAU Marker
continued to grow, numbering 91 in 2005. Looking back 30 years to ORINSí founding, Pollard wrote, “The accident of war which placed ORNL in East Tennessee was a major factor in the transformation of southern universities into research universities.” Over the years since, ORAU, sponsored by universities all over the nation, has made major contributions in the understanding and addressing of important energy, health, and environmental problames through its research, education, information training and public service programs.

Erected in Honor of the Founders, Staff, and Students of This Outstanding Institution By Oak Ridge Associated Universities, June 2005.
 
Erected 2005 by Oak Ridge Associated Universities.
 
Location. 36° 0.819′ N, 84° 15.473′ W. Marker is in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in Anderson County. Marker is at the intersection of Oak Ridge Turnpike (Tennessee Route 95) and South Tulane Avenue, on the right when traveling east on Oak Ridge Turnpike. Touch for map. Marker located in Alvin K. Bissell Park. Marker is in this post office area: Oak Ridge TN 37830, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. X-10 – The Clinton Laboratories (here, next to this marker); 1943 (here, next to this

Secret City Commemorative Walk image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, December 30, 2017
3. Secret City Commemorative Walk
marker); Oak Ridge – Secret City (here, next to this marker); 1942 (here, next to this marker); 1945 (here, next to this marker); 1949 (here, next to this marker); Construction Workers (here, next to this marker); Oak Ridge and the Manhattan Project (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oak Ridge.
 
Also see . . .
1. Secret City Commemorative Walk. (Submitted on January 6, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee.)
2. William G. Pollard. (Submitted on January 6, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee.)
 
Categories. EducationScience & Medicine
 
William G. Pollard image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse
4. William G. Pollard
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 8, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 6, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 6, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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