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Grand Ronde in Polk County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
 

The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

 
 
The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 22, 2017
1. The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation Marker
Inscription. Indians inhabited Oregonís inland valleys for thousands of years before Euro-Americans began to arrive in the late 18th Century. In the early 1780s, and again in the 1830s, diseases spread by seafarers and fur trappers swept through Oregonís valleys killing most of the native population. The opening of the Oregon Trail in the 1840s increased pressure to remove the remaining Indians from their homelands.
In 1856, the U.S. Government created the Grand Ronde Reservation, and in the winter of 1857, federal troops forced the native people to leave their aboriginal lands and march to the reservation.
The Grand Ronde reservation, originally 70,000 acres, was later divided into individual parcels for the Indians, and “surplus” land was sold to non-Indians. In 1954, the Grand Ronde Tribe was “terminated,í and all but 7 1/2 acres of the Tribeís land was sold. Termination meant the U.S. Government no longer recognized the Tribe or its people as Indians.
In 1983, after a prolonged and dedicated effort by tribal members and their supporters, the U.S. Government restored the Tribe to federal recognition. In 1988 Congress re-established a 9,811 acre reservation in the mountains north of Grand Ronde. The Tribe has since acquired additional land, built a community center, and developed education, health care, and
The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 22, 2017
2. The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation Marker
other programs for tribal members. The Tribe has also embarked upon an ambitious economic development program as part of its plan to achieve self-sufficiency.
 
Erected by Oregon Department of Transportation.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Oregon Beaver Boards marker series.
 
Location. 45° 3.534′ N, 123° 36.696′ W. Marker is in Grand Ronde, Oregon, in Polk County. Marker is on Oregon Route 18 near Grand Ronde Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 28459 Oregon Highway 18, Grand Ronde OR 97347, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cross-Cultural Convenience Store (approx. 2.1 miles away); We Greet Settlement ... ... With Reservations (approx. 2.1 miles away); Policing or Protecting? (approx. 2.1 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Oregon Travel Experience - The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation. (Submitted on January 19, 2018, by Douglass Halvorsen of Klamath Falls, Oregon.)
 
Categories. Native Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 22, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 19, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 115 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 19, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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