Hettinger in Adams County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
The Last Great Buﬀalo Hunts 1882 - 1883
In 1882 and 1883, the American buffalo made their last stand here in the valley of Hiddenwood and within a 30-mile range of this area. Hiddenwood Cliff, directly opposite across Hiddenwood Creek, was an ancient landmark for buffalo hunting tribes who often camped in this buttes and badlands. The valley was filled with their stone tepee rings.
The last 50,000 free ranging buffalo had migrated into this area, which was then part of the Great Sioux Reservation (shown above in yellow and blue) from territories father west. Within 15 months they were gone. Although most of the estimated 60 to 75 million buffalo were likely killed by white hide hunters, these last buffalo were hunted by Native American in traditional ways on reservation lands.
The last great buffalo hunt began about June 20, 1882, when 2,000 Teton Lakota men, women, and children traveled 100 miles from Ft. Yates to this valley on foot and horseback, and saw the hills black with thousands of grazing buffalo, On the first day 2,000 buffalo were killed, pursued by mounted hunters with rifles. The hunters painted their faces, bodies, and horses in traditional ways for a successful hunt. Very few hunted with bow-and-arrow. After the first day, the buffalo remained where they had fallen and the hunters returned to camp long after dark, too tired
Location. 45° 57.858′ N, 102° 24.446′ W. Marker is in Hettinger, North Dakota, in Adams County. Marker is on U.S. 12 half a mile west of 40th Ave SE, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hettinger ND 58639, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Custer and Hiddenwood Cliff (here, next to this marker); Recognizing our Past (here, next to this marker).
Categories. • Animals • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 25, 2018. This page originally submitted on January 24, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 77 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 24, 2018, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.