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Bethlehem in Northampton County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Blast Furnace

The Ingredients for Iron-Making

 
 
Blast Furnace Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 22, 2017
1. Blast Furnace Marker
Inscription.

Look around you, these five blast furnaces were the heart of the plant for many decades. Ordinarily up to three of the five furnaces would be operating at one time. They ran continuously-night and day, seven days a week-and required constant feeding of materials. To make one ton of pig iron, the furnaces required 1 ton of coke, 2 tons of iron ore or pellets, ½ ton of limestone, and about 4 tons of heated, pressurized air.

1 Ingredients Go In
Iron ore:
a rocky mineral mined from the earth. Coke: a high-carbon fuel obtained from the processing of coal. Limestone: a mineral that acts as a flux and captures impurities in iron.

2 Loading The Furnace
Iron ore and limestone were brought to the furnace in transfer cars, while hopper cars delivered coke. The three ingredients were dumped into storage bins below the trestle. Skip cars hoisted the materials up the inclined track, charging them into the furnace in layers.

3 A Blast Of Heat
Hot, pressurized air was shot into the blast furnaces. As the coke burned, the inside of the furnace would reach over 3000 Fahrenheit! Hot gases rose through the descending ore, coke and limestone, left the furnace through large pipes, and were cleaned

Blast Furnaces and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 22, 2017
2. Blast Furnaces and Marker
for further use as a fuel.
 
Erected by SteelStacks. (Marker Number 4.)
 
Location. 40° 36.899′ N, 75° 22.097′ W. Marker is in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in Northampton County. Touch for map. Marker is on the Hoover-Mason Trestle at SteelStacks, next to the Blast Furnaces. Marker is at or near this postal address: 711 East 1st Street, Bethlehem PA 18015, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Immigration & Industry (a few steps from this marker); Making Iron (a few steps from this marker); Moving Materials (within shouting distance of this marker); Hot, Loud, & Dangerous (within shouting distance of this marker); The Beginnings of Bethlehem Steel (within shouting distance of this marker); A Community of Workers (within shouting distance of this marker); Iron and Steel: A History (within shouting distance of this marker); Air Products (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bethlehem.
 
Also see . . .
1. Bethlehem Steel: Forging America. (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Bethlehem Steel Corporation. (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. How it works: The Blast Furnace
Blast Furnaces and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 22, 2017
3. Blast Furnaces and Marker
. (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Blast Furnace: The Making of Iron with Animations and Diagrams (YouTube). (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. What is SteelStacks?. (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
6. The New Blast Furnace of the Bethlehem Steel Company - I (Landis, 1910). (Submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 
Blast Furnaces at SteelStacks image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 22, 2017
4. Blast Furnaces at SteelStacks
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 5, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 5, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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