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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vancouver in Clark County, Washington — The American West (Northwest)
 

An English Garden in the Wilderness

 
 
An English Garden in the Wilderness Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 24, 2017
1. An English Garden in the Wilderness Marker
Caption: (lower right) The fort's original orchard was characterized by full size, ingrafted apple trees with wide spacing. Today, this style of "farm orchard" had been recreated with seedlings of old English cider varieties and clones of Vancouver's Old Apple Tree. Modern renditions, courtesy of the National Park Service.
Inscription. Planting a garden was one of the first things the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) did when they established Fort Vancouver. At its height, in the mid-1840s, the garden had expanded to eight acres and provided not only produce but also large numbers of flowering plants and shrubs, and fruit trees for the pleasure of the fort's residents and visitors. The larger gardening operation was symbolic of the power that the HBC exerted over the entire region and was representative of their extensive agricultural enterprises.
In 1836, American missionary Henry Spalding described the garden as "...about 5 acres laid out in good order, stored with almost every species of vegetables, fruits trees, and flowers." His observations of the region's farming potential, and those of other Americans, stimulated immigration from the eastern United States. In 1843 approximately 900 settlers made the journey to Fort Vancouver. By 1846 more than 8,000 settlers had arrived in the Oregon Country, leading to the end of HBC dominance.
The garden today is a small, interpretive representation of the larger historic garden. A dedicated cadre of volunteers and staff plant heirloom fruits and vegetable, herbs, and flowers to give a feeling of the abundance that was once here. Just as in the 1840s, the plants in today's garden provide produce for the fort's kitchen
An English Garden in the Wilderness Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 24, 2017
2. An English Garden in the Wilderness Marker
Note the northwest bastion
and a place of beauty and rest for visitors.


 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 45° 37.434′ N, 122° 39.726′ W. Marker is in Vancouver, Washington, in Clark County. Marker is on East 5th Street near Fort Vancouver Way, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1001 East 5th Street, Vancouver WA 98661, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Welcome to Fort Vancouver (within shouting distance of this marker); The Vancouver Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); St. James Mission (approx. 0.2 miles away); The 321st Observation Squadron (1923-1941) (approx. mile away); Howard C. French / Alexander Pearson (approx. mile away); The Sutler's Store (approx. mile away); Clark County Veterans Memorial (approx. mile away); The Chkalov Transpolar Flight (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vancouver.
 
Categories. Agriculture
 
The Northwest Bastion image. Click for full size.
By City of Vancouver
3. The Northwest Bastion
The Fort Vancouver Garden image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 24, 2017
4. The Fort Vancouver Garden
The Old Apple Tree, Fort Vancouver image. Click for full size.
Oregon Historical Society Research Library
5. The Old Apple Tree, Fort Vancouver
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 10, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 10, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 33 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 10, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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