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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Burning Of Columbia

 
 
Burning Of Columbia Marker (side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Pat Filippone, June 21, 2017
1. Burning Of Columbia Marker (side 1)
Inscription.
(side 1)
Due to Columbia's strategic value, capture of the city was an objective of the Union Army during the Carolina's Campaign of 1865. By Feb. 15 Union forces had moved to within 4 miles of the city and met opposition from Confederate skirmishes and artillery batteries. After offering a cursory defense of the city, C.S.A. commanders P.G.T. Beauregard and Wade Hampton ordered a final evacuation of Columbia on the morning of Feb. 17, 1865 and by the afternoon Union forces occupied the town.
(Continued on other side)
(side 2)
(Continued from other side)
By 1865 Columbia had become a central store of cotton in the Confederacy and as Union forces entered the city cotton bales lined much of Richardson (now Main) St. Several cotton fires were reported on the night of Feb. 16-17 and others were burning on the afternoon of Feb. 17. On the night of Feb. 17-18 fires — aided by high winds, burning cotton, and Union soldiers — destroyed much of Columbia's main commercial district and more than 450 buildings in all, a large portion of the city.
 
Erected 2015 by S.C. Civil War Sesquicentennial Advisory Board. (Marker Number 40-188.)
 
Location. 34° 
Burning Of Columbia Marker (side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Pat Filippone, June 21, 2017
2. Burning Of Columbia Marker (side 2)
0.09′ N, 81° 2.012′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Gervais Street, on the right when traveling north on Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1204 Main Street, Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The North-South Streets in The City Of Columbia / Richardson Street (within shouting distance of this marker); South Carolina Confederate Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); The East-West Streets In The City Of Columbia - Gervais Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Spanish-American War Veterans Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Benjamin Ryan Tillman (within shouting distance of this marker); The State House of South Carolina (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battleship Maine Memorial (about 300 feet away); George Washington (Statue) (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 12, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 11, 2018, by Pat Filippone of Stockton, California. This page has been viewed 113 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 11, 2018, by Pat Filippone of Stockton, California. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Wide shot of marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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