Augusta in Richmond County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Although was cultivated an in small quantities in the South during the eighteenth century, it was not considered a profitable crop because of the difficulty of separating the seed from the fiber.
In 1793, Eli Whitney, a young man from Massachusetts, accepted a teaching position in Georgia, and while residing as a guest on a friend's plantation, invented a device that would mechanically separate cotton seed from the fibers. Whitney's cotton engine or "gin" transformed the economy of the South.
Cotton became the great crop of the region, and the nation's main export. With every decade, production doubled, and most Southerners agreed with South Carolina Senator James Hammond's exclamation, "Cotton is King!"
As the center of a vast cotton growing empire, Augusta prospered as the second largest inland cotton market in the world, a distinction that it claimed until the mid-twentieth century.
Reynolds Street with its warehouses along the river was known as "Cotton Row.” The stacked bales were so numerous during seasons of peak market activity, that a person could walk on top of the bales in every block "from Fifth Street to Thirteenth Street.”
Location. 33° 28.686′ N, 81° 57.837′ Touch for map. Marker is located on the Augusta Riverwalk at the 8th Street crossing. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 8th Street, Augusta GA 30901, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Floods (a few steps from this marker); Founding of Augusta (a few steps from this marker); Great Indian Warrior / Trading Path (within shouting distance of this marker); William Bartram Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); The Levee (within shouting distance of this marker); De Soto In Georgia (within shouting distance of this marker); Indians (within shouting distance of this marker); Industrial Heritage (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Augusta.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Augusta Cotton Industry
Also see . . .
1. Augusta Cotton Exchange Building. Located on the banks of the Savannah River, Augusta has long been associated with the cotton industry. At its height, Augusta was the second largest inland cotton market in the world. During that time, a group of prominent merchants organized the Augusta Cotton Exchange, (Submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. History Of The Cotton Industry In Georgia. Since the success of a labor-intensive crop like cotton was directly tied to the ability of a landowner to procure workers, white Georgians bought slaves in record numbers. The promise of a bumper cotton crop not only changed the state’s agricultural history but also literally caused the enslavement of hundreds of thousands of men and women. Slaves planted, chopped, and picked cotton; they cleared and dug drainage ditches to create more cotton land. The international slave trade geared up to meet this new labor demand, and as a result, slavery and cotton tightened their grip on the state. From 1791 to 1801 Georgia’s cotton production increased by a factor of twenty. (Submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 23, 2018. This page originally submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.