Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
In July and August, Federal authorities retaliated by rounding up nineteen local men, holding them briefly at the Farmers Bank (now the National Bank of Fredericksburg, two blocks to your right), and then sending them to the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C. The Federal response was heavy handed, but the arrest of prominent citizens, including Mayor Montgomery Slaughter and Reverend William Broaddus, had the desired effect and an exchange of hostages came about within two months.
The Old Capitol Prison was initially a Washington D.C. boarding house. Located at the corner of First and A Streets, NE, it had served as the nationís capitol building (hence the name) after British troops sacked the city during the War of 1812. John Quincy Adams was sworn in as the nationís president there and John C. Calhoun had lived and died there. It became a holding facility for temporary prisoners during the Civil War. The U.S. Supreme Court sits in the site today.
Location. 38° 18.247′ N, 77° 27.682′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Princess Anne Street and Amelia Street, on the right when traveling south on Princess Anne Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fredericksburg Baptist Church (here, next to this marker); Prisoners of Christ (within shouting distance of this marker); The Booth House (within shouting distance of this marker); Bridgewater Mills (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gun from the CSS Virginia (about 400 feet away but has been reported missing); Lewis Randolph Ball (about 400 feet away); Auction Block (about 500 feet away); Second Town Hall / Market House (about 500 feet away); Weedonís Tavern (about 500 feet away); Stating Inalienable Rights (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 5, 2007, by Dawn Bowen of Fredericksburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,007 times since then and 59 times this year. Last updated on June 11, 2007, by Dawn Bowen of Fredericksburg, Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 5, 2007, by Dawn Bowen of Fredericksburg, Virginia. 4, 5. submitted on July 27, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.