“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cearfoss in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Gettysburg Campaign

Invasion & Retreat

Gettysburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 16, 2008
1. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Inscription.  After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14.

To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
Erected by
Civil War Trails Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 22, 2012
2. Civil War Trails Markers
Two Civil War Trails markers are found at this location. The Gettysburg Campaign marker is seen here on the left.
Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 41.999′ N, 77° 46.622′ W. Marker is in Cearfoss, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Fairview Road (County Route 494) and Greencastle Pike (Maryland Road 63), on the right when traveling east on Fairview Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 17035 Fairview Road, Hagerstown MD 21740, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Crossing the Mason and Dixon (here, next to this marker); Mason and Dixon Line (approx. 1˝ miles away); a different marker also named Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 3.6 miles away in Pennsylvania); Shielding the Army (approx. 4.1 miles away); United States Colored Troops (approx. 4.6 miles away); Corporal William Othello Wilson (approx. 4.7 miles away); Wilson Bridge (approx. 4.7 miles away); The Cumberland Valley Railroad (approx. 4.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cearfoss.
More about this marker. This is one of the standard Gettysburg Campaign markers used throughout Maryland and Virginia, and is duplicated at other locations. The maker features a map of depicting unit movements during the campaign and other Civil War Trails locations. The map has portraits of Gens. Robert E. Lee and George G. Meade. A painting depicts a scene from the campaign with the caption, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his staff approach Mercerburg.
Also see . . .  Gettysburg Campaign. Civil War Traveler page detailing the various stops on the Gettysburg Campaign Trail through Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. (Submitted on September 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Gettysburg Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 16, 2008
3. Gettysburg Campaign Map
Double click on photo for a detailed view.
War, US Civil
A Civil War Trails Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
4. A Civil War Trails Wayside
Ambush Site image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 16, 2008
5. Ambush Site
Just to the west of Cunningham’s Crossroads (the modern day round-about in Cearfoss), stands a white farm house and barn. Captain Abram Jones’ detachment of Federal Cavalry used the barn as cover for an ambush of the Confederate wagon train on July 5, 1863, during the retreat from Gettysburg.

More. Search the internet for Gettysburg Campaign.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,260 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4, 5. submitted on September 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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