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Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo in Municipality of Salvatierra, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo

Ruta de los Conventos - The Convent Route

 
 
Former Haciendo of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 5, 2018
1. Former Haciendo of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker
Inscription.  
Ex Hacienda de Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo
La Hacienda de Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo estuvo entre las más importantes de la región de Salvatierra. Junto con las de San Nicolás de los Agustinos, Maravatío del Encinal y San José del Carmen, fue uno de los factores más importantes en el desarrollo económico de Salvatierra durante los años de la dominación española y buena parte de los siglos XIX y XX.

La historia de la fundación de la hacienda Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo (o “Guatzindeo” en la ortografía de los documentos del periodo virreinal) es algo incierta. Al parecer fue construida por órdenes de Juan de Ibañez, un portugués que llegó a la región probablemente a finales del siglo XVI y principios del siglo XVII, cuando Portugal era también parte del dominio de Felipe II, rey de España. Ibañez poseía extensos terrenos en los cuáles se fundaron no solo ésta, sino otras haciendas, las cuales fueron heredadas por su hija, la cual las traspasó a su marido, un español de nombre Martín Hernández, quien a su vez las heredó a su hijo. Al parecer, tras un pleito legal, la hacienda pasó a dominio de las
Former Haciendo of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker English text image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 5, 2018
2. Former Haciendo of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker English text
monjas de Santa Catalina de Siena, quienes la remataron en la segunda mitad del siglo XVII.

Los nuevos dueños vendieron las tierras a los agustinos, años después esta propiedad pasó a manos de don Antonio de Esquivel y Vargas, un acaudalado hacendado de Salvatierra. La hacienda pasó de mano en mano, hasta que las Leyes de Reforma la declararon baldía en 1856, por lo que fue rematada.

Durante todos estos cambios de propietario, la hacienda fue sufriendo diversas modificaciones, que dejaron profunda huella en sus edificios. Hacia 1910, los dueños la reconstruyeron, pero tras la Revolución cayó en abandono. Durante algunos años fue parcialment restaurada y usada como cuartel, campo de tiro y, posteriormente, como escuela de bandas de música, pero la fragilidad de los edificios hizo que fue abandonada nuevamente. Hoy subsiste como una muestra de la bonanza que, lo que, a lo largo de la historia, ha generado la rica tierra de Salvatierra.

English:
Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo
The Haciendo of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo was among the most important haciendas in the region of Salvatierra. Along with San Nicolás de los Agustinos, Maravatío of Encinal and San José del Carmen, it became vital in the economic development of Salvatierra during the years of Spanish rule and much of the XIX and XX century.

The
Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 5, 2018
3. Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker
This view of the Spanish side of the marker is towards the south, with the Sanctuary of the Immaculate Conception (Santuario de la Inmaculada Concepción) in the background.
story of the founding of the hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo (for “Guatzindeo” spelled like this in documents from the viceregal period) is a bit uncertain. Apparently it was built by orders of Juan de Ibañez, a Portuguese who came to the region probably in the late XVI and early XVII century, when Portugal was Spanish territory under Phillip II, King of Spain.

Ibañez owned extensive lands on which not only this one, but other haciendas were located, and then inherited to his daughter, who transferred them to her husband, a Spanish named Martín Hernández who in turn left them to his son. Apparently, after a lawsuit the Santa Catalina de Siena nuns ended owning the hacienda, and auctioned it on the second half of the XVII century.

The new owners sold the land to the Augustinians, years later this property was sold to Don Antonio de Esquivel and Vargas, a wealthy landowner of Salvatierra. This hacienda passed from hand to hand over the years, until the Reform Laws declared it wasteland in 1856.

During all these changes of ownership, the hacienda began to experience various modifications, which left deep impressions on its buildings. By 1910, the new owners rebuilt it, but after the Revolution it fell into abandonment. For some years it was partially restored and used as barracks, as a shooting field and later as a music school, but the fragility
Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 5, 2018
4. Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo Marker
This view towards the north shows the English side of the marker to the left, with a view of some of the remaining hacienda buildings.
of the buildings caused it to be abandoned again. Today it survives as an example of the bonanza, which, throughout history, has generated the rich soil of Salvatierra.
 
Location. 20° 13.432′ N, 100° 55.312′ W. Marker is in Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo, Guanajuato, in Municipality of Salvatierra. Marker is on Calle Reforma just north of Calle Miguel Hidalgo, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo, Guanajuato 38932, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. José de Jesús del Valle (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of the Bridge of Batan (approx. 4 kilometers away); Bridge of Batanes (approx. 4 kilometers away); Church and Former Convent of San Buenaventura (approx. 4.1 kilometers away); Federico Escobedo Tinoco (approx. 4.2 kilometers away); Diocesan Shrine of Nuestra Señora de La Luz (approx. 4.3 kilometers away); 175th Anniversary of the Beginning of Mexican Independence (approx. 4.3 kilometers away); Portal Juárez (approx. 4.3 kilometers away).
 
Categories. Colonial EraIndustry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 
A restored chapel at the Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 5, 2018
5. A restored chapel at the Former Hacienda of Santo Tomás de Huatzindeo
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 19, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 38 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 19, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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