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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cleveland in Cuyahoga County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition

 
 
The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, September 27, 2008
1. The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition Marker
Inscription. The Cozad-Bates House is one of the oldest remaining structures in Cleveland's University Circle. The original section, built circa 1853, is the only pre-Civil War residential structure left in the neighborhood. Built by Samuel and Jane Cozad's son, Andrew Cozad, the first section used locally made brick to form a simple two-story, one-room-deep, vernacular English-I house. The family owned a large portion of the land which is now occupied by University Circle. Justus Cozad, Andrew's son, returning from the west where he worked as a railroad superintendent and civil engineer, built the later section on Mayfield Road for his larger family in 1872. It is a rare surviving example of Italianate-influenced residential architecture, including a hipped roof, curved bay windows, paired eave brackets, and prominent belvedere. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 and designated as a Cleveland Landmark in 2006.

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Anti-Slavery and Abolition

Many Cleveland settlers were anti-slavery and abolitionists. After the opening of the Ohio and Erie Canal, Cleveland became a destination for fugitive slaves and the bondsmen who tracked them. Before the Civil War, slaves moved through Ohio's Underground Railroad network that extended two hundred and fifty miles from Ripley to Cleveland. Known
The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, September 27, 2008
2. The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition Marker
by the secret code name "Hope," Cleveland became a destination for freedom seekers making their way north to Canada. Persons seeking freedom were often aided by abolitionists in University Circle, formerly a part of East Cleveland Township. To celebrate Cleveland's story of antislavery, the courageous people who sought freedom, and the station operators who helped them, this home was saved through the advocacy efforts of the Cleveland Restoration Society, Restore Cleveland Hope Inc., and University Circle Inc. Donated by University Hospitals in 2006, the home is reflective of Cleveland's anti-slavery era and legacy of abolition.
 
Erected 2007 by University Circle, Inc. and the Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 87-18.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 41° 30.512′ N, 81° 36.185′ W. Marker is in Cleveland, Ohio, in Cuyahoga County. Marker is at the intersection of Mayfield Road (U.S. 322) and East 115th Street, on the right when traveling east on Mayfield Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 11508 Mayfield Road, Cleveland OH 44106, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker.
The Cozad-Bates House image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, September 27, 2008
3. The Cozad-Bates House
The older part of the house is the rectangular wing to the back.
Site of the Home of the Poet Harold Hart Crane (approx. 0.2 miles away); Frances Payne Bolton (approx. 0.2 miles away); In Memory of the Teachers and Children Who Lost Their Lives in the Collinwood School Fire (approx. 0.4 miles away); Michelson-Morley Experiment (approx. 0.4 miles away); L. Pearl Mitchell (approx. 0.4 miles away); Henry A. Sherwin (approx. half a mile away); Rufus Dunham (approx. half a mile away); University Circle (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cleveland.
 
Also see . . .  Cozad-Bates House website. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansNotable Buildings
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,942 times since then and 206 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 27, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.
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