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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
King of Prussia in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

To Build a Redoubt

 
 
To Build a Redoubt Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
1. To Build a Redoubt Marker
Inscription. The earthworks today appear to be giant molehills. But it took complex engineering to construct them. A deep ditch was excavated in front, to slow an attacking enemy. The dirt was heaped into gabions - baskets of interwoven branches. Bundles of branches called fascines were piled outside and inside the wall to protect the defenders, then the entire work was usually covered with sod to absorb cannon fire.

Here at redoubt 3, the inside walls were faced with stakes. Sod was scarce in the mud-churned encampment. Though partially reconstructed, Redoubt 3 is built on remnants of the original site. Please do not climb on the earthworks.

Defending the Gap

The valley between Outer and Inner Line defenses left the Americans vulnerable to attacks from the south. Redoubt 3 was built to secure this Achilles heel.

Directly across the valley is the Outer Line, supported by Brigadier General Anthony Wayne’s Pennsylvania Brigades. Their huts were plainly visible in the treeless encampment. In the event of attack, troops in Redoubt 3 could have raked the gap with cross-fire.
 
Erected by Valley Forge National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Location. 40° 5.471′ N, 75° 26.952′ 
Valley Forge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
2. Valley Forge Marker
W. Marker is in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, in Montgomery County. Marker is on E Inner Line Drive, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is on the auto tour road in Valley Forge National Historical Park, on E Inner Line Drive, at stop seven of the driving tour of Valley Forge. Marker is in this post office area: King of Prussia PA 19406, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Artillery Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Camp’s Road System (approx. ¼ mile away); Virginia (approx. 0.3 miles away); Schoolhouse (approx. 0.3 miles away); Anthony Wayne (approx. 0.4 miles away); In Memory of Unknown Soldiers (approx. 0.4 miles away); Generals and Cattle Raids (approx. 0.4 miles away); Pennsylvania Division (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in King of Prussia.
 
More about this marker. The background of the marker contains a picture of soldiers filling gabions and building the redoubt. The top of the marker features a cross-section of a redoubt, trenches, and earthworks. The bottom right of the marker has pictures of various tools used in the building of redoubts, including Entrenching shovels, Pick, Bill hook, Fascine and Gabions.
 
Also see . . .  Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service website.
Marker at Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
3. Marker at Redoubt 3
(Submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
4. Redoubt 3
The remains of Redoubt 3 can be seen in this photo taken from the marker. Redoubt 3 anchored one end of the inner line of defense.
Artillery at Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
5. Artillery at Redoubt 3
The earthworks of Redoubt 3 are visible to the left of this photo behind the cannons.
Redoubt 3 Defenses image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
6. Redoubt 3 Defenses
Redoubt 3 overlooked one of the encampment roads. Artillery here could defend the southern approach to Valley Forge.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 959 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on March 20, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6. submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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