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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Shickshinny in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Union Access

 
 
Union Access Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 17, 2018
1. Union Access Marker
Inscription. Click to hear the inscription.  

Union Township of Luzerne County, formed in July 1813, originally was part of Huntington Township. It borders on the Susquehanna River and two creeks from River Mountain. Sawmills were established in 1790 in the northwest corner by brothers-in-law Peter Gregory and George Fink from Delaware. Soon after, Stephen Arnold and Moses Derby, also brothers-in-law, settled in Muhlenburg and established successful farms. In 1793 the rich farmland attracted many others, mostly from Connecticut, who arrived on sleds, and formed a Dutch settlement.

The river provided transportation before the canals. Between 1794 and 1830 flat-bottomed arks were loaded with coal, lumber and farm goods and taken downstream to Philadelphia and Baltimore. One out of three crashed on rocks on the way. It was a one way trip so upon arrival the arks were broken up and sold for lumber. The Pennsylvania legislature declared the Susquehanna River a highway in 1771. Money was appropriated to make it navigable, and the first boat, the "Experiment," was built at Nescopeck and pulled by horses. Three steamboats were constructed in 1825. The second, "Susquehanna," was involved in the worst

Union Access Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 17, 2018
2. Union Access Marker
Looking north along the Susquehanna Warrior Trail
accident in the upper Susquehanna. When the boat was crossing the Nescopeck Falls rapids, its boiler exploded, causing the deaths of many passengers and crew. Because of delays and accidents on the river, constructing a network of canals became a necessity.

On July 4, 1828, ground was broken in Berwick and work began on this section of the North Branch Canal, which was completed to Nanicoke in less than two years. The canals were 40 feet wide at the top and 28 feet wide at the bottom with a 4 foot depth of water. A 10 foot wide towpath was adjacent on the riverside. Canal boats could carry 25 passengers and 30 tons of freight. The canal was closed from Thanksgiving to April 1. High water in the spring often washed away the canal banks, and flooding from the river usually submerged them. The canal boat was the main means of transportation for the fifteen year period between 1830 to 1845. It provided commercial growth to the Wyoming Valley. On April 11, 1901, because of the cheaper and more efficient railroad, the canal ceased operating.

The Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission maintains a boat launch at Union Access. It is also a stop for the "Susquehanna River Trail - North Branch," a 181 mile water trail from Oakland, New York to Sunbury.

Sources:
A Story Runs through It - Wyoming Valley Levee System by Luzerne County Flood Protection Authority
History of Union Township Luzerne County, Pa donated by Robin Linn
From the Land of 5 Mountains 974.832P931F

Search Cemetery
In 1813 James Search bought the land near the river known as Jessup Farm from Phillip and Margaret Hann. Here he raised his family. His son Lot, one of the founders of Shickshinny, along with brother George Washington Search, built a successful grist mill in 1865. George was on the first Shickshinny Borough Council and served as supervisor of the town. Traveling south on the Susquehanna Warrior Trail at mile 6.5 is the location of the Search family cemetery.

[The balance of the marker is natural history related, and not transcribed]
 
Erected by the Susquehanna Warrior Trail and the H&K Group.
 
Location. 41° 10.814′ N, 76° 6.277′ W. Marker is near Shickshinny, Pennsylvania, in Luzerne County. Marker is on the Union Public Boat Launch Access Road south of U.S. 11, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker kiosk is along the Susquehanna Warrior Trail. Marker is in this post office area: Shickshinny PA 18655, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. World Wars Memorial (approx. 3.1 miles away); Shickshinny (approx. 3.1 miles away); War Memorial (approx. 3.2 miles away); Mocanaqua (approx. 3.2 miles away); Warriors Path (approx. 3.3 miles away); a different marker also named War Memorial (approx. 4.8 miles away); World War II Memorial (approx. 5.1 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shickshinny.
 
Also see . . .
1. Union Township Municipal Information. (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. York-built steamboat traveled 300-miles up Susquehanna in 1826 (2017 blog post).

Provides information on early river travel
(Submitted on June 26, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

3. North Branch Division, PA Canal System Info. (Submitted on June 26, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. DisastersIndustry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 26, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 25, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 40 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 26, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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