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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Sart in Salihli (district), Manisa, Turkey
 

Bath-Gymnasium Complex

 
 
Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
1. Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker
A partial view of the marker.
Inscription. Click to hear the inscription.  
English Text:

Bathing was a part of an important Roman social tradition, which spread throughout the Roman Empire. That tradition emphasized the benefits of leisure and combined the pleasure of bathing in tepid, warm, and cold water with conversation, exercise and intellectual pursuits. Roman bath buildings are the physical manifestation of that tradition and their remains help clarify our understanding of it. In the traditional Turkish bath, or hamam, we see a distant but direct extension of the Roman baths and bathing.

This complex at Sardis is one of at least two monumental bath buildings in the city and covers 23,000 square meters. It belongs to a fairly standardized type of "imperial" bath known in other cities of Asia Minor such as Ephesus, and throughout the Roman empire. In plan, the rooms and halls are symmetrically arranged, with pools of hot and cold water (the caldarium and frigidarium) located on the central axis. The eastern half of the complex was an open court (palaestra) that provided space for exercise and ceremonies. The western half was the bath unit, composed of many large halls covered by vaults.

The
Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
2. Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker
A partial view of the marker, situated under the obscuring overhanging branches of a tree.
two-story colonnaded space known as the Marble Court was originally separate from the baths and was used for special ceremonies. An inscription on the first story (with red-painted letters) dedicates this space to the Roman Imperial family: Emperors Caracalla and Geta, and their mother Julia Domna; and records that the hall was gilded by two ladies of consular rank; the sarcophagus of one of these ladies, Claudia Antonina Sabina, was found at Sardis and is in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.

The complex was probably completed in the late 2nd or early 3rd century AD. Repaired and modified in succeeding centuries, including the conversion of one of its halls into a Synagogue, the bath fell into ruin in the 7th century AD.
 
Erected by The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Republic of Turkey, and the Harvard Art Museums and Cornell University.
 
Location. 38° 29.295′ N, 28° 2.421′ E. Marker is near Sart, Manisa, in Salihli (district). Marker can be reached from Kenan Evren Cd. just east of Sart Yolu, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. This marker is on the grounds of the Sardis Archaeological Park, at the site of the Roman Bath-Gymnasium. Marker is in this post office area: Sart, Manisa 45370, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this
Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
3. Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker
View of the marker situated along the pathway between the synagogue and the bath-gymnasium complex.
marker. Synagogue - Main Hall (a few steps from this marker); (Yakub'un) Boya Dükkáni / (Jacob's) Paint Shop (within shouting distance of this marker); Mesken / Residence (within shouting distance of this marker); Synagogue (within shouting distance of this marker); Synagogue Forecourt (within shouting distance of this marker); Roman Avenue (within shouting distance of this marker); Lokantalar / Restaurants (within shouting distance of this marker); Boya Dükkán / Paint Shop (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sart.
 
Categories. ArchitectureParks & Recreational Areas
 
Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
4. Bath-Gymnasium Complex Marker
View from the synagogue of the pathway to the bath-gymnasium.
Bath-Gymnasium Complex image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
5. Bath-Gymnasium Complex
View of the restored ruins of the bath-gymnasium.
Bath-Gymnasium Complex image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2018
6. Bath-Gymnasium Complex
A panoramic view of the restored ruins of the Bath-Gymnasium Complex
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 30, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 28, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 28, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   6. submitted on June 30, 2018, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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