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Edgefield in Edgefield County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Name “Edgefield”

 
 
The Name "Edgefield" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, October 10, 2008
1. The Name "Edgefield" Marker
Inscription. The origin of the name "Edgefield" is shrouded in mystery. There are six principle theories as to how the name may have come to be applied to this county and town:

(1) Robert Mills, in his 1826 Statistics of South Carolina, said that the district was so named because it was at the edge of the state.

(2) Others have believed that the name came about because the district line was just beyond the edge of the Revolutionary battlefield of Ninety Six.

(3) There is a tradition that the courthouse site was near the edge of a field where a 1751 battle took place between the Euchee and Mongahelia Indians.

(4) There is also a compelling theory that the courthouse site was at the edge of "Cedarfields," the plantation of Arthur Simkins, who was intimately involved in the creation of the new county.

(5) It is possible that this district was named for Edgefield, England, a small village in Norfolk, the name of which dates back at least as early as the 12th century.

(6) Some local historians believe that it is more likely that the name is derived from the fact that the courthouse site was near the edge of "Rogers' Old Field," where, in 1781, a small band of Patriots routed a much larger company of Tories. As one of the most significant local Revolutionary War victories for the Patriots,
Edgefield County Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, October 10, 2008
2. Edgefield County Memorial
The Name "Edgefield" Marker is the third from the left.
this battle may have inspired the name for the new county.

Regardless of its origin, and despite its relative simplicity, the name "Edgefield" is remarkably unique, with only a few other places in the world sharing this name.
 
Location. 33° 47.4′ N, 81° 55.8′ W. Marker is in Edgefield, South Carolina, in Edgefield County. Marker is on Jeter Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located in the greenspace in the northwest corner of the intersection of Jeter and Bumcombe Streets. Marker is in this post office area: Edgefield SC 29824, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A History of Violence (here, next to this marker); Political Heritage (here, next to this marker); Agricultural History (here, next to this marker); Industrial History (within shouting distance of this marker); Religion & Education (within shouting distance of this marker); Edgefield County (within shouting distance of this marker); First Term of Court (within shouting distance of this marker); Edgefield County World War I Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Edgefield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Robert Mills (architect). Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855) is sometimes called the first native born American to become a professional architect, though Charles Bulfinch perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor. (Submitted on October 15, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. Arthur Simkins. Simkins, Arthur, legislator, born on the eastern shore of Virginia about 1750; died in Edgefield, South Carolina, in 1826. (Submitted on October 15, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraMilitarySettlements & SettlersWar, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 15, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 907 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 15, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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