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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Edgefield in Edgefield County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Industrial History

 
 
Industrial History Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, October 10, 2008
1. Industrial History Marker
Inscription. About 1810, Dr. Abner Landrum developed Edgefield's first major industry, a pottery factory at "Pottersville." The most famous potter in Edgefield's history was an African American slave named "Dave."

In the 1820's, Henry Schultz, a native of Hamburg, Germany, built the market town of Hamburg on the Savannah River across from Augusta. A decade later the world's longest railroad was constructed, linking Hamburg to Charleston. Unfortunately, further railroad extensions in Edgefield County were delayed for many years, with the railroad not reaching the Town of Edgefield until 1888.

The first textile manufacturing operation in the Edgefield District was started by another enterprising German immigrant, Christian Breithaupt, who built a mill in 1828 on Horse Creek at Vaucluse. In 1845 William Gregg chartered the Graniteville Company, which became the most noteworthy textile mill in the antebellum South.

Daniel Augustus Tompkins, a remarkable engineer, businessman and industrial prophet, was an Edgefield son who had a great impact on the industrialization of the entire South. He was the father of the cotton seed oil industry, and also designed and built over 200 textile mills throughout the South, including the 1896 Edgefield mill.

In the decades following World War II, a number of national companies
Edgefield County Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, October 10, 2008
2. Edgefield County Memorial
Indistrial History Marker is the second from the right.
built manufacturing plants in the county. Today, Edgefield County's economy is broadly diversified, with the agricultural, manufacturing, and service sectors each providing approximately equal measures of economic activity.
 
Location. 33° 47.4′ N, 81° 55.783′ W. Marker is in Edgefield, South Carolina, in Edgefield County. Marker is on Jeter Street. Touch for map. Marker is located in the greenspace in the northwest corner of the intersection of Jeter and Bumcombe Streets. Marker is in this post office area: Edgefield SC 29824, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Religion & Education (here, next to this marker); A History of Violence (within shouting distance of this marker); Political Heritage (within shouting distance of this marker); The Name "Edgefield" (within shouting distance of this marker); Agricultural History (within shouting distance of this marker); Edgefield County (within shouting distance of this marker); The Booth-Toney Shootout of 1878 (within shouting distance of this marker); Israel Mukashy Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Turner's Country Store (within shouting distance of this marker); First Term of Court (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Edgefield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Carolina Clay: The Life and Legend of the Slave Potter Dave. Dave made stoneware vessels from his early twenties until his mid-seventies, a span of over fifty years. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. The Museum of American Pottery: Dave (1780 - 1863). Dave is considered to be one of the south's most accomplished potters. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. Edgefield Pottery. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. Edgefield Pottery. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. SC General Assembly Resolution Naming Edgefield Pottery the State's Official Folk Art. (Submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
 
Categories. 20th CenturyAgricultureIndustry & CommerceNotable Persons
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 852 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
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