Macon in Bibb County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Lanier House
“He looked bronzed and somewhat careworn, but hardy and vigorous.”
—Jeﬀerson Davis Heritage Trail —
When word reached Macon on December 20, 1860, that South Carolina had seceded from the Union a celebratory crowd of 1,500 marched through the streets to the Lanier House. There they heard stirring speeches by some of the town's leading citizens. Walter A. Clark recalled, "The streets were packed with a solid mass of excited, fevered, yelling humanity. The people were simply wild for Southern independence."
During the war the Lanier House was a stop for thousands passing through Macon, a transportation and supply center for the Confederacy. One visitor was President Jefferson Davis who spoke from the second floor balcony on October 30, 1863, prior to a reception held in his honor at the hotel.
Upon the occupation of Macon by Federal troopers on April 20, 1865, Major General James H. Wilson took residence at the Lanier House where he temporarily set up his headquarters. On Saturday, May 13, 1865, Jefferson Davis and the other Confederates captured three days earlier near Irwinville arrived in town. Davis was specifically brought to the hotel for an interview with Wilson. The local newspaper reported, "At every step the crowd increased. From all parts of the city, men, women, and children… flocked to the sidewalks and blocked up the way." Guards lined the entrance to the Lanier House. After resting, Davis, his wife Varina and their children were served dinner.
After dining Jefferson Davis had a cordial conversation with General Wilson in the latter's suite. Although 30 years apart in age they were both West Point graduates. The two men had crossed paths there before the war, when Davis was a visiting U.S. Senator and Wilson a cadet. In a letter Wilson wrote from the Lanier House he described Davis as being
Later that evening, Jefferson Davis, his family, personal secretary Burton Harrison, former Confederate Postmaster General John H. Reagan and others began a long trek north. They were sent under guard by train to Atlanta and Augusta, then by boat to Savannah before boarding a ship steaming north. Davis was imprisoned at Fort Monroe, Virginia for two years.
• The Lanier House (aka. Hotel Lanier), circa 1900
• Jefferson Davis, after his release from prison
• Arrival of Jefferson Davis at the Lanier House, May 13, 1865
• The ambulance (wagon) carrying Jefferson Davis outside the Lanier House, May 13, 1865
• Union Major General James H. Wilson
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 32° 50.248′ N, 83° 37.627′ W. Marker is in Macon, Georgia, in Bibb County. Marker is on Mulberry Street (Georgia Route 49) west of 3rd Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wilson's Raid To Macon (a few steps from this marker); Jefferson Davis at the Lanier House (a few steps from this marker); Bibb County (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Civil War Era Maconites of African Ancestry (about 500 feet away); William Augustus Bootle (about 500 feet away); First Public Camellia Show (about 500 feet away); Post 3 Macon (about 500 feet away); Christ Church (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Macon.
Also see . . .
1. Jefferson Davis captured. Davis and his cabinet fled from Richmond to Danville, Virginia, and with Robert E. Lee’s surrender on April 9, deep into the South. Lee’s surrender of his massive Army of Northern Virginia effectively ended the Civil War, and during the next few weeks the remaining Confederate armies surrendered one by one. Davis was devastated by the fall of the Confederacy. Refusing to admit defeat, he hoped to flee to a sympathetic foreign nation such as Britain or France, and was weighing the merits of forming a government in exile when he was arrested by a detachment (Submitted on March 9, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. The Capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. A picked company of Wilson's command captured Jefferson Davis on the morning of May 10, at Irwinsville, Georgia. The company was commanded by Colonel Pritchard, of the Fourth Michigan. (Submitted on March 9, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 11, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 76 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 9, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.